Creating a New Journal
2 days ago · funslovestory.com: Whats the capital of Assyria? funslovestory.com: Monty Python chanting: funslovestory.com: Monty Python chanting 2: funslovestory.com: You've got no arms. Oh it's just a flesh wound: funslovestory.com: You must cut down the largest tree with a herring! funslovestory.com: I'm . Apr 15, · In modern industry where there exists capital which force we represent is the apex, both management and labour are on the base of this triangle; they continually stand opposed to each other and their attention is never directed to the head of their problem. Management is forced to raise prices since we are ever increasing the cost of capital.
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The pagan roots of Easter
Nov 20, · The Incan civilization was a well-established and flourishing society. The Incas were devout followers of the sun god Inti, and their king was referred to as “Sapa Inca” meaning the child of the sun. The first Incan emperor, Pachacuti, transformed the capital from a modest village into a great city laid out in the shape of a puma. Se was the Assyrian goddess of Love. She was the Ashtoreth of the Jews or Hebrews. She is the planetary Venus, and in general features corresponds with the classical goddess of Love. Her name Ishtar is that by which she was known in Assyria, and the same name prevailed, with slight modifications, among the Semite nations generally. Apr 01, · In modern industry where there exists capital which force we represent is the apex, both management and labour are on the base of this triangle; they continually stand opposed to each other and their attention is never directed to the head of their problem. Management is forced to raise prices since we are ever increasing the cost of capital.
According to the Bible, Israel is the name given by God to Jacob. The modern country of Israel includes two distinct nationalities, the Palestinian and the Jewish. Each nationality is inextricable from its religious identity. The Palestinians are Arabs whose traditions are founded in Muslim culture; the Jews define their culture in large part around their religion as well. Each group identifies as part of a larger, international religious and cultural community, and each has a history in the region that goes back to ancient times.
Location and Geography. Its total area is 8, square miles 20, square kilometers , slightly smaller than New Jersey. The Negev Desert covers the south of the country. Mountains rise in the central region from the low coastal plain along the Mediterranean.
The Jordan River stretches miles kilometers from Syria in the north, emptying into the Dead Sea. The Dead Sea technically a lake is, at 1, feet meters below sea level, the lowest inland sea on earth. Israel's population in was 5,, The population is roughly 80 percent Jewish; of the total population, Most of the 20 percent who are not Jewish are Arab. Linguistic Affiliation.
Hebrew is the nation's official language. Previously, biblical Hebrew had been the language of prayer, whereas the vernacular of most Jews was Yiddish Ladino for Spanish and Portuguese Jews. David Ben-Gurion's vision of a national language, which would allow Jews from different parts of the world to communicate with each other, was an important element of the Zionist movement.
Arabic is the official language of the Arab minority. English is studied in school and is the most commonly spoken foreign language. Immigrants from various countries also bring their languages with them, and Spanish, Italian, African dialects, and especially Russian are often heard. The flag consists of a blue six-pointed star on a white background, with a horizontal blue stripe above and one below.
The Israeli national anthem, Hatikva , is over one hundred years old. Its melody is of unknown origin, although some believe it comes from an Eastern European fold song. Its lyrics are explicitly Zionist, extolling the return of the Jews to their holy land. The song was banned from the airwaves during the British mandate, and it continues to be somewhat controversial today; there has been some debate as to whether its Zionist message is still valid.
Emergence of the Nation. There is archaeological evidence of settlements in Israel dating from nine thousand to eleven thousand years ago. It is thought that the first people of the kingdom of Israel migrated from Mesopotamia. Much of the history of ancient Israel is laid out in the Bible. The Israelites were slaves in Egypt from about to Israel B. They wandered in the desert for forty years. Moses died, and Joshua took the helm and led the people into the land of Canaan, or the Promised Land.
The epoch that followed was known as the period of the judges, when Israel was ruled by judges and priests. Saul became the first king of Israel in B. He was succeeded by his rival, David, in Under David's rule, Jerusalem became the capital. Solomon ascended to the throne in B. In the kingdom split into two parts, Israel and Judah. In Israel was conquered by Assyria, and in it was taken over by Babylonia.
The city of Jerusalem was destroyed, and the Jews were exiled to Babylon. In Babylon was conquered by the king of Persia, who allowed the Jews to return to their homeland, where they rebuilt the Temple and began what became known as the Second Jewish State.
In B. Between and B. In Judas Maccabee led a rebellion that allowed the Jews to reclaim Jerusalem, a victory that Jews still celebrate in the festival of Hanukkah. Judah became an independent state in B.
Herod conquered Judah in 37 B. In 19 B. The First Revolt against Rome occurred in 66 C. The Temple was destroyed, and the majority of the Jews were dispersed throughout the world. Byzantines ruled the area from to , although toward the end of this period, from to , the Jews ruled Jerusalem under Persian jurisdiction.
The years to saw the founding of Islam by Muhammad. In Arab Muslims conquered Jerusalem, where their rule lasted until the Turkish conquest in The First Crusaders took the city in In Saladin, the Kurdish ruler of Egypt, conquered Jerusalem. In the land of Israel, known at this time as Palestine, was taken over by the Ottoman Turks, who ruled for four hundred years. In Napoleon unsuccessfully attempted to take the territory, but did not succeed. The first modern Jewish settlement in Palestine was established in , and was followed at the end of the nineteenth century by others, as Jews fled pogroms in Russia and Poland.
In the First Zionist Conference was held in Basel, Switzerland, and under the initiative of the Hungarian Jew Theodor Herzl, the Zionist movement began its mission to create a Jewish homeland in the territory from which the Jews had been expelled nearly two thousand years earlier.
The Balfour Declaration, issued by Britain in , expressed support for the establishment of a Jewish state in Palestine. The British used a mandate from the League of Nations as license to rule the area for the ensuing decades, during which time they kept control by feeding the animosity between Palestinian Arabs and Jewish settlers. The British also restricted Jewish immigration to the region, even by Jews who were experiencing persecution at the hands of the Russians, and later the Nazis.
The Arabs attempted unsuccessfully to revolt against the British from to ; tensions between Arabs and Jews also escalated, and there were several anti-Jewish riots. From the time Hitler came to power in until the beginning of World War II in , a large number of German Jews managed to immigrate to Palestine despite British restrictions, fleeing the increasingly oppressive regime. Between and more than six million Jews were killed in the Holocaust, a horror that gave new impetus to the movement to form a Jewish state and that caused European nations to recognize the legitimacy of such a claim.
In Palestine, a truce with the British lasted through World War II, but when the war ended, violence again increased, both between Jews and Arabs and against the British. The Palestinians rejected this plan. On 14 May , when Israel proclaimed its independence, the declaration was met by an invasion on behalf of the Palestinians by the armies of Egypt, Jordan, Syria, Lebanon, and Iraq. The war that followed lasted until the Arab defeat in January A mass immigration of Jews from Europe and Arab countries took place over the first few years after the state's founding, and the economy grew.
While some Palestinians chose to take up Israeli citizenship, many others immigrated to the primarily Arab West Bank and Gaza Strip, or sought refuge in other Arab nations. When Egypt took control of the Suez Canal from France and Britain in , Israel, fearing the increase in power of their unfriendly neighbor, staged an attack in Egypt's Sinai Desert.
Several days later, Britain and France joined the offensive. The United Nations sent peacekeepers, who stayed in the region until When they pulled out, Egypt sent its military back into the Sinai, obstructing the southern Israeli port of Eilat. Israel responded by attacking on 5 June.
Syria, Jordan, and Iraq came to Egypt's defense, but all four nations were defeated. It also resulted in a Jewish occupation of the West Bank and a reunited Jerusalem.
The city had been partitioned earlier between the Jews and the Arabs. The Arab League vowed that the situation would not rest and proceeded to put Israel in a state of siege. Arab terrorists highjacked Israeli airplanes. They also killed Israeli athletes at the Munich Olympics.
Israel managed to defeat the two armies, but the resulting situation was far from stable. Sadat and Begin shared the Nobel Peace Prize for their efforts at reconciliation, and an official peace treaty was signed in in Paris.
In Israel agreed to give up the Sinai, but it also invaded Lebanon, to leave its northern settlements less vulnerable to Palestinian attacks. However, by , Israel had limited its presence to a security strip along the border.
The Palestinian uprising called the Intifadah began in Palestinians threw rocks at Israeli soldiers occupying the Gaza Strip and the West Bank; the Israelis retaliated, and the violence escalated, ultimately resulting in hundreds of deaths. Israel proposed a peace initiative in This same year saw the beginning of a mass immigration by Soviet Jews.
The resulting agreement gave the Palestinians responsibility for the Gaza Strip and Jericho. By moving in this direction, the agreements presumed eventual statehood for the Palestinians. Other deals included resolving the issue of Israeli settlements in the West Bank and Gaza, as well as A Sephardic family celebrates the Jewish festival of Passover by sharing a picnic in West Jerusalem.
Arafat was to confiscate illegal arms from Palestinians, and both sides were to protect and preserve access to holy sites. These agreements, known as the Oslo Accords after the city where the first secret rounds of talks were held , were seen as momentous steps in the peace process, and concluded at Camp David with a historic handshake between Arafat and Rabin.
Israel went on to sign a peace agreement with Jordan in , and to begin talks with Syria as well. However, despite progress at the upper echelons, violence continued. In Israeli prime minister Rabin was assassinated at a peace rally in Tel Aviv.
The killer was an ultraconservative Jew who was angered by what he saw as Rabin's overly conciliatory stance toward the Palestinians.