Geography of China
Land area (sq. km) - China from The World Bank: Data. Learn how the World Bank Group is helping countries with COVID (coronavirus). Find Out. Data. Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area) Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area). rows · Feb 07, · The total constitutional land area of the Republic of China is 11,, Estimated Reading Time: 7 mins.
China is a country located in East Asia with an area of 9, km 2 3, sq mi. Hong Kong and Macau go even further to complicate the implications of China's borders because even though both territories have their own national symbols, jurisdictions, and even their own separate border control customs between them and Mainland Chinathey are also officially considered to be special administrative regions within China under the One Country, Two Systems policy.
The People's Republic of China what is a commodities exchange either the third or fourth largest country wjat the worldbeing either slightly larger or slightly smaller than the United States depending on how the area of the United States is measured.
China has great physical diversity. The eastern plains and southern coasts of the country consist of fertile lowlands and foothills. They are the location of most of China's agricultural output and human population. The southern areas of the country South of the Yangtze River consist of hilly and mountainous terrain.
The west and north of the country are dominated by sunken basins such as the Gobi and the Taklamakanrolling plateausand towering massifs. It contains part of the highest tableland on earth, the Tibetan Plateauand has much lower agricultural potential and population. Traditionally, the Chinese population centered on the Chinese central plain and oriented itself toward its own enormous inland market, developing as an imperial power whose center lay in the middle and lower reaches of the Yellow River on the northern plains.
The topography of China has been divided by the Chinese government into five homogeneous physical macro-regions, namely Eastern China subdivided into the northeast plain, north plain, and southern hillsXinjiang-Mongolia, and the Tibetan highlands.
In general, the land is high in the west and descends to the east coast. Mountains 33 percentplateaus 26 percent what is the area of china in km2 hills 10 percent account for nearly 70 percent of the country's land surface. Most of the country's arable land and population are fo in lowland plains 12 percent and basins 19 percentthough some of the greatest basins are filled with deserts,etc.
The country's rugged terrain presents problems for the construction of overland transportation infrastructure and requires extensive terracing to sustain agriculturebut is conducive to the development of forestrymineral and hydropower resources, and tourism. Northeast of Shanhaiguan a narrow sliver im2 flat coastal land opens up into the vast Northeast China Plain. The plains whhat north to the crown of the "Chinese rooster," near where the Greater and Lesser Hinggan ranges converge.
The Changbai Mountains to the east divide China from the Korean peninsula. Compared with the rest of the area of China, here live the most Chinese people due to its adequate climate and topography. The other two sides are the Pacific coast to the east and the Yangtze River to the southwest.
The vertices of this triangle are Beijing to the north, Shanghai to the southeast, and Yichang to the southwest. This alluvial plain, fed by the Yellow and What is the weather like in nigeria Rivers, is one of the most heavily populated regions of China. Further north are the drier grasslands of the Inner Mongolian Plateau, traditionally home to pastoralists. To the south are agricultural regions, traditionally home to sedentary populations.
The Great Wall of China was built in the mountains across the mountains that mark what does obama think about economy southern edge of the Inner Mongolian Plateau. The Ming-era walls run over 2, km 1, mi east to west from Shanhaiguan on the Bohai coast to the Hexi Corridor in Gansu. East of the Tibetan Plateaudeeply folded mountains fan out toward the Sichuan Basinwhich is ringed by mountains with 1,—3, m elevation.
The floor of the basin has an average elevation of metres 1, ft and is home to one of the most densely farmed and populated regions of China. The Sichuan Basin is capped in the north by the eastward continuation of the Kunlun rangethe Qinlingand the Dabashan. The Qinling and Dabashan ranges form a major north—south divide across China Properthe traditional core area of Un.
This plateau, with an average elevation of 2, metres 6, ftis known for its limestone karst im. South of the Yangtze, the landscape is more rugged.
Like Shanxi Province to tbe north, Hunan and Jiangxi how to store hyacinth bulbs have a provincial core in a river basin that is surrounded by mountains.
The Wuling range separates Guizhou from Hunan. The southeast coastal provinces, Zhejiang, Fujian and Guangdong, have rugged coasts, with pockets of lowland and mountainous interior. The Nanlingan east—west mountain range across northern Guangdong, seals off Hunan and Jiangxi from Guangdong.
The Tarim Basin, the largest in China, measures 1, km mi from east to west and km mi from north to south at its widest parts. The average elevation in the basin is 1, m. To the east, the basin descends into the Hami-Turpan Depression of eastern Xinjiang, where the dried lake bed of Lake Aydingat m below sea level, is the lowest surface point in China and the third-lowest in the world. With temperatures that have reached Northeast of ahat Tibetan Plateau, the Altun Shan - Qilian Mountains range branches off the Kunlun and creates a parallel mountain range running east—west.
In between in northern Qinghai is the Qaidam Basinwith elevations of 2,—3, m and numerous brackish and salt lakes. North of the Qilian is the Hexi Corridor of Gansu, a natural passage between Xinjiang and China Proper that was part of the ancient Silk Road and traversed by modern highway and rail lines to Xinjiang. Further north, the Inner Mongolian Plateaubetween —1, m in elevation, arcs north up chin spine of China and becomes the Greater Hinggan Range of Northeast China.
Between the Qinling and the Inner Mongolian Plateau is Loess Plateauthe largest of its kind in the world, coveringkm 2sq mi in Shaanxiparts of Gansu and Shanxi provinces, and some of Ningxia -Hui Autonomous Region. The plateau is 1,—1,m in elevation and is filled with loess, a id, loose soil that travels easily in the wind. Eroded loess silt gives the Yellow River its color and name. The Loess What is the area of china in km2 is bound to the east by the Luliang Mountain of Shanxi, which has a narrow basin running north to south along the Fen River.
Eleven of the seventeen tallest mountain peaks on Earth are located on China's western dhina. They include the world's tallest peak Mount Everest m in the Himalayas on the border with Nepal and the world's second tallest peak, K2 m on the border with Pakistan.
From these towering heights in chins west, the land descends in steps like a terrace. In the north, the plateau is hemmed in by the Kunlun Mountainswhich extends eastward from the intersection of the Pamirs, Karakorum and Tian Shan. In all, 9 of the 14 mountain peaks in the world over 8, m are in or on the border of China.
Another notable Himalayan peak in China is Namchabarwa m, 28thnear the great bend of the Yarlungtsanpo upper Brahmaputra River in eastern Tibet, and considered to be the eastern anchor of the Himalayas. China was originally estimated to have 50, rivers.
However, due to statistical discrepancies, water and soil loss, and climate change, there are currently only an estimated 22, rivers remaining. The majority of rivers flow west to east into the Pacific Ocean. The Yangtze is 6, kilometers long videos of how to do acrylic nails has a catchment area of how to measure linear square feet. It is the third longest river in the world, after the Amazon and the Nile.
It rises in Tibet and travels circuitously for 5, kilometers through North Chinait empties into the Bo Hai Gulf on the north coast of the Shandong Province. It has a catchment area ofsquare kilometers. The Qhat Heilong or Black How to disable wpa on router River flows for 3, kilometers in Northeast China and an additional 1, kilometers in Russiawhere it is known as the Amur.
Other major rivers are the Liaohe in the northeast, Haihe in the north, Qiantang in the east, and Lancang in the southwest. Inland drainage involving upland basins in cnina north and northeast accounts for 40 percent of the country's total drainage area. Many rivers and streams flow into lakes dhina diminish in the desert. Some are used for irrigation.
China's territorial waters are principally marginal seas of the what is the area of china in km2 Pacific Ocean. These waters lie on the indented coastline of the mainland and approximately 5, islands. More than half the coastline, predominantly in the south, is rocky; most of the remainder is sandy. The Bay of Hangzhou roughly divides the two kinds of shoreline. There is a steep drop in the river level in the North China Plainwhere the river continues across the delta.
It transports a heavy load of sand and mud which ln deposited on the flat plain. The flow is aided by manmade embankments. As a result, the river flows on a raised ridge fifty meters above the plain.
Waterlogging, floods, and course changes have recurred over the centuries. Traditionally, rulers were judged by their concern for or indifference to preservation of the embankments. Flowing from its source in the Qingzang highlands, the Yellow River courses toward the sea through the North China Whzt, the historic center of Chinese expansion and influence. Han Chinese people have farmed the rich alluvial soils since ancient times, constructing the Grand Canal for north—south transport during the Imperial Era.
The plain is a continuation of the Dongbei Manchurian Plain to the northeast but is separated from it by the Bohai Gulfan extension of the Yellow Sea. Like other densely populated areas of China, the plain is subject to floods and earthquakes. The mining and industrial center of Tangshankm mi east of Beijing, was leveled by an earthquake in Julyit was believed to be the largest earthquake of the 20th century by death toll.
The Hai Riverlike the Pearl Riverflows from west to east. Its upper course consists of five rivers that converge near Tianjinthen flow seventy kilometers before emptying into the Bohai Gulf. It is a cultural boundary as it influences the distribution of customs and language.
South of the Qinling mountain range divide are the densely populated and highly developed areas of the lower and middle plains of the Yangtze River and, on what are some risks of genetically modified foods upper reaches, the Sichuan Basin, an area encircled by a high barrier of whzt ranges.
The country's longest and most important waterway, the Yangtze River, is navigable for the majority of its length and has a vast hydroelectric potential. Rising on the Qingzang Plateau, the Yangtze River traverses 6, km 3, mi through the heart of the country, draining an area of 1, km 2sq mi before o into the East China Sea.
Roughly million people live along its middle and lower reaches. The area is a large producer of rice and wheat. The Sichuan Basin, due to its mild, humid climate and long growing season, produces a variety of crops. It is a leading silk -producing area and an important industrial region with substantial mineral resources.
The Nanling Mountainsthe southernmost of the east—west mountain ranges, overlook areas in China with a tropical climate. The climate allows two crops of rice to be grown per year. Southeast of what are canadian police officers called mountains lies k,2 coastal, hilly region of small deltas and narrow valley plains.
The drainage area of the Pearl River and its associated network thd rivers occupies much of the region to the south. West of the Nanling, the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau rises in two steps, averaging 1, and 1, m in elevation, respectively, toward the precipitous mountain regions of the eastern Qingzang Plateau.
China has substantial mineral reserves and is the world's largest producer of antimonynatural graphitetungstenand zinc. Other major minerals are aluminumbauxitecoalcrude petroleumdiamondsgoldiron orelead what does a backslash mean, magnetitemanganesemercurymolybdenumnatural gasphosphate rocktinuraniumand vanadium. China's hydropower potential is the largest in the world.
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China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a country in East funslovestory.com is the world's most . rows · Area (Km2) Russia: 1: 17 Km2: Canada: 2: 9 Km2: United States: 3: 9 . Mainland China, also known as the Chinese mainland or China mainland, is the geopolitical area under the direct jurisdiction of the People's Republic of China (PRC) since October 1, It includes Hainan, which is an island province in the South China Sea, but it excludes the special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau, even though both are mostly on the geographic continental.
This is a list of the world's countries and their dependent territories by area, ranked by total area. Entries in this list include, but are not limited to, those in the ISO standard, which includes sovereign states and dependent territories. All member states of the United Nations plus the 2 observer states are given a rank number.
Largely unrecognised states not in ISO are included in the list in ranked order. The areas of such largely unrecognised states are in most cases also included in the areas of the more widely recognised states that claim the same territory; see the notes in the "notes" column for each country for clarification.
Not included in the list are individual country claims to parts of the continent of Antarctica , entities such as the European Union [Note 1] that have some degree of sovereignty but do not consider themselves to be sovereign countries or dependent territories. Data is taken from the United Nations Statistics Division unless otherwise noted.
Largest country in Southern Europe and second-largest member state of European Union. Largest island country in Europe and Western Hemisphere. Sovereign states with areas greater than , km 2 are shown in green. In addition, non-sovereign territories are included for purposes of comparison, and are shown in gray. Areas include inland water bodies lakes, reservoirs, rivers.
Claims to parts of Antarctica by various countries are not included. These closely match the CIA World Factbook figures and similarly include coastal and territorial waters for the United States, but exclude coastal and territorial waters for China.
Further explanation of disputed ranking: The dispute for world's third-largest country arose from the inclusion of coastal and territorial waters for the United States. However, in the edition, the U. And then again in , U. During this time, China's total area remained unchanged. In other words, no coastal or territorial water area was added to China's total area figure.
The United States has a coastal water area of , km 2 , and a territorial water area of , km 2 , for a total of , km 2 of additional water space. Adding this figure to the U. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Redirected from List of sovereign states and dependencies by area. Wikimedia list article. It covers a total area of 4,, km 2 1,, sq mi ,  and would be ranked 7th if it were included 3.
These areas usually have no human inhabitants, excluding scientists. Both sources 1 exclude Taiwan from the area of China; 2 exclude China's coastal and territorial waters. Accessed 26 December The World Factbook. Government of the United States. Retrieved 30 November United Nations Statistics Division. Retrieved 29 November Retrieved Retrieved 3 July Retrieved 31 January Government of Australia. Retrieved 25 November Archived from the original on 19 October United Nations : World Development Indicators.
Retrieved 27 August Government of India. Archived from the original on 26 December Main Demographic Indicators. Available at Stat. Retrieved 29 December Retrieved 18 June CIA Factbook.
Retrieved 23 December Archived from the original on CIA World Factbook. Retrieved 1 July Archived from the original on January 1, Retrieved 3 January December Archived from the original PDF on 27 February Updated 1 July Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Archived from the original on 4 September Retrieved 31 August Ministry of the Interior — Republic of China Taiwan.
Retrieved 8 June Retrieved 1 October Lists of countries by geographical rankings. Total Exclusive economic zone Forest Irrigated. Freshwater resources withdrawal Time zones. List of international rankings List of top international rankings by country Lists by country. Categories : Geography-related lists Lists by area Lists of countries by geography Water by country International rankings.
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Views Read View source View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. Largest country in the world Though not itself a country, areas are claimed by a number of countries. Canada [Note 3]. Largest English - and largest French -speaking country; largest country completely in the Western Hemisphere by total area second-largest by land area, after the United States ; with the largest surface area of water.
Total area and water area figures include area covered by freshwater only and do not include internal waters non-freshwater of about 1,, km 2 , nor territorial waters of , km 2.
Largest country entirely in Asia, and second-largest country in the world by land area. Figures for total area and water area also exclude all coastal and territorial waters. United States. Largest English-speaking country and largest in the Western Hemisphere by land area second-largest by total area, after Canada. Secondary figures for total area and water area include all coastal and territorial waters.
Largest Portuguese -speaking country, largest country in South America and mostly [Note 5] in the Southern Hemisphere , and the largest contiguous territory in the Americas. Third-largest English -speaking country and largest country in Oceania , largest country without land borders, and the largest country completely in the Southern Hemisphere.
Second-largest country entirely in Asia and largest country in South Asia. Largest Spanish -speaking country and second-largest country in South America. Largest landlocked country. Transcontinental country located in Asia and Europe. Largest country in Africa ; also largest in the Arab world and the Mediterranean Basin.
Democratic Republic of the Congo. Second-largest French -speaking country. Largest country in Central and Sub-Saharan Africa. Second-largest country in Africa, has the largest French -speaking city Kinshasa. Kingdom of Denmark. UN figure does not include the entire Kingdom area.
Greenland Denmark. Largest island in the world. Largest territory in the Kingdom of Denmark.