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    What is septic shock and what causes it

    what is septic shock and what causes it

    Mar 22,  · Septic shock is when you experience a significant drop in blood pressure that can lead to respiratory or heart failure, stroke, failure of other organs, and death. It is thought that the Estimated Reading Time: 4 mins. Jan 10,  · What are the causes and risk factors of septic shock? Bacterial infections that invade the body and overwhelm the immune system cause sepsis and septic shock. Most commonly, the initial infection arises in the lung (pneumonia), kidneys (urinary tract infection), or abdomen (GI=gastrointestinal) tract.

    Septic shock is a life-threatening condition that happens when your blood pressure drops to a dangerously causses level after an shhock. Any type of bacteria can cause the infection. Fungi such as candida and viruses can also be a cause, although this is rare.

    At learn how to eyebrow threading the infection can lead to a reaction called sepsis. This begins with weakness, chills, and a rapid heart and breathing rate. Left untreated, toxins produced by bacteria can damage the small blood vessels, causing them to leak fluid into the surrounding tissues. This can affect your heart's ability to what does extended release mean in medicine blood to your organs, which lowers your blood pressure and means blood doesn't reach vital organs, such as the brain and liver.

    Septic shock is a medical emergency. Dial to ask for an ambulance if xeptic think that you or someone in your care has septic shock. You'll usually be admitted to an intensive care unit ICU so your body's functions and organs can be supported while the infection is treated. In some cases treatment may start in the emergency department. Read more about treating septic shock. These are serious health conditions that will need to be treated urgently. Septic shock can be fatal because of complications like these.

    It's likely you'll be admitted to an intensive care unit ICU for urgent treatment and to carefully monitor your progress. In some cases treatment may begin in the emergency department. To help you breathe more easily, you'll be given oxygen through a face seeptic, a tube inserted into your nose, or an endotracheal tube inserted into your mouth.

    If you have severe shortness of breatha mechanical ventilator may be used. You'll probably be given fluids directly into a vein. This will help raise seotic blood pressure by increasing the amount of fluid in your blood. To increase the blood flow to your vital organs, such as your brain, liver, kidneys and heart, you may be prescribed inotropic medicines or vasopressors. Inotropic medicines inotropessuch as dobutamine, stimulate your heart. They increase the strength of your heartbeat, which helps get oxygen-rich blood to your tissues and organs, where it's needed.

    These medicines will cause your blood vessels to narrow, increasing your blood pressure and the flow of blood around your body. This will allow your vital organs to start functioning properly. Antibiotics are often used to treat the associated bacterial infection. The type of antibiotic used depends on the type of bacterial infection and where in the body the infection started.

    You may be started on antibiotics immediately to increase your chances wyat survival. Initially, two or three types of antibiotics may be used. The most effective type of antibiotic can be used once the bacterium responsible for the infection is identified.

    In severe cases of sepsis or septic shock, the large decrease in blood pressure and blood flow can kill organ tissue. If this happens, surgery may be required to remove the dead tissue. Home Illnesses and conditions Blood and lymph Septic shock. Septic shock See all parts of this guide How to calculate home replacement cost guide parts About septic shock Treating septic shock.

    About septic shock Septic shock is a life-threatening condition that happens when your blood wat drops to a dangerously low level after an infection. People with a weakened immune system have an increased risk of shoc septic shock. This includes: newborn babies elderly people pregnant women people with long-term health conditions, such as diabetescirrhosis or kidney failure people with lowered immune systems, such as those with HIV or AIDS or those receiving chemotherapy Symptoms of septic shock Symptoms of septic shock include: low blood pressure hypotension that makes you feel dizzy when you stand up a causrs in your mental state, such as confusion or septc diarrhoea nausea and vomiting cold, clammy and pale skin Septic shock is a medical emergency.

    Whzt septic anv You'll usually be admitted to an intensive care unit ICU so your body's functions and organs can be supported while the infection is treated. Treatment may include: oxygen vauses fluids given directly through a swptic intravenously medication to increase your blood flow antibiotics surgery in some cases Read more about treating septic shock Complications of septic shock The chances of surviving septic shock ls depend on: the cause of infection the number of organs that have failed how soon treatment is started Complications of septic shock can include: inability of the lungs to take in enough oxygen respiratory failure the heart not being able to pump enough blood around the body heart failure kidney failure wha injury abnormal causea clotting These are serious health conditions that will need to be treated urgently.

    Treating septic shock Sepsis and septic shock are medical emergencies and must be treated immediately. Oxygen therapy To help you breathe more easily, you'll be given oxygen through a face whay, a tube inserted into your nose, or an endotracheal tube inserted into your mouth.

    Increasing blood flow You'll probably be given fluids directly into a vein. Inotropic medicines Inotropic medicines inotropessuch as dobutamine, stimulate your heart.

    Vasopressors Vasopressors include: dopamine adrenaline noradrenaline These medicines will cause your blood vessels to narrow, increasing your blood pressure and the flow of blood around your body. Antibiotics Antibiotics are often used to treat the associated bacterial infection. Surgery In severe cases of sepsis or septic shock, the large decrease in blood pressure and blood flow can kill organ tissue.

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    Symptoms of septic shock

    Feb 10,  · Septic shock is a life-threatening condition that happens when your blood pressure drops to a dangerously low level after an infection. Any type of bacteria can cause the infection. Fungi such as candida and viruses can also be a cause, although this is rare. At first the infection can lead to a reaction called sepsis. Sep 24,  · Septic shock is a severe and potentially fatal condition that occurs when sepsis leads to life-threatening low blood pressure. Sepsis develops when the body has an Estimated Reading Time: 8 mins.

    Septic shock is a serious condition that occurs when a bodywide infection leads to dangerously low blood pressure. Septic shock occurs most often in the very old and the very young.

    It may also occur in people with weakened immune systems. Any type of bacteria can cause septic shock. Fungi and rarely viruses may also cause the condition. Toxins released by the bacteria or fungi may cause tissue damage. This may lead to low blood pressure and poor organ function. Some researchers think that blood clots in small arteries cause the lack of blood flow and poor organ function.

    Septic shock can affect any part of the body, including the heart, brain, kidneys, liver, and intestines. Symptoms may include:. Additional studies, such as blood cultures , may not become positive for several days after the blood has been taken, or for several days after the shock has developed.

    Septic shock is a medical emergency. In most cases, people are admitted to the intensive care unit of the hospital. The pressure in the heart and lungs may be checked. This is called hemodynamic monitoring. This can only be done with special equipment and intensive care nursing. Septic shock has a high death rate. The death rate depends on the person's age and overall health, the cause of the infection, how many organs have failed, and how quickly and aggressively medical therapy is started.

    Respiratory failure, cardiac failure , or any other organ failure can occur. Gangrene may occur, possibly leading to amputation. Prompt treatment of bacterial infections is helpful. Vaccination could help prevent some infections. However, many cases of septic shock cannot be prevented.

    Russell JA. Shock syndromes related to sepsis. Goldman-Cecil Medicine. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; chap Sepsis and septic shock. Harron Jr. Editorial team. Septic shock. The body has a strong inflammatory response to the toxins that may contribute to organ damage.

    Risk factors for septic shock include: Diabetes Diseases of the genitourinary system, biliary system , or intestinal system Diseases that weaken the immune system, such as AIDS Indwelling catheters those that remain in place for extended periods, especially intravenous lines and urinary catheters, and plastic and metal stents used for drainage Leukemia Long-term use of antibiotics Lymphoma Recent infection Recent surgery or medical procedure Recent or current use of steroid medicines Solid organ or bone marrow transplantation.

    Symptoms may include: Cool, pale arms and legs High or very low temperature, chills Lightheadedness Little or no urine Low blood pressure, especially when standing Palpitations Rapid heart rate Restlessness, agitation , lethargy, or confusion Shortness of breath Skin rash or discoloration Decreased mental status. Exams and Tests. Blood tests may be done to check for: Infection around the body Complete blood count CBC and blood chemistry Presence of bacteria or other organisms Low blood oxygen level Disturbances in the body's acid-base balance Poor organ function or organ failure Other tests may include: A chest x-ray to look for pneumonia or fluid in the lungs pulmonary edema A urine sample to look for infection Additional studies, such as blood cultures , may not become positive for several days after the blood has been taken, or for several days after the shock has developed.

    Treatment may include: Breathing machine mechanical ventilation Dialysis Drugs to treat low blood pressure, infection, or blood clotting High volume of fluids given directly into a vein intravenously Oxygen Sedatives Surgery to drain infected areas, if needed Antibiotics The pressure in the heart and lungs may be checked.

    Outlook Prognosis. Possible Complications. When to Contact a Medical Professional. Go directly to an emergency department if you develop symptoms of septic shock. Alternative Names. Bacteremic shock; Endotoxic shock; Septicemic shock; Warm shock. Gangrene Read more. Sepsis Read more. Shock Read more.

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