Rotavirus Infection in Children
Rotavirus is a contagious virus that causes nausea and diarrhea. Some babies and children may have diarrhea so severe that they lose too much water (dehydration). They may need emergency care and a hospital stay. Most children get the virus between the ages of 3 months and 35 months. Jan 23, · Rotavirus is a contagious viral infection, a leading cause of stomach flu (which isn't actually related to the flu) in infants and toddlers, and the most common cause of .
How to Roatvirus Rotavirus media icon [MP3]. Rotavirus spreads easily among infants and young children. The virus can cause severe watery diarrhea, vomiting, fever, and abdominal pain. Children who get rotavirus disease can become how to uninstall windows media player for vista and may need to be hospitalized.
CDC recommends that infants get rotavirus vaccine to protect against rotavirus disease. Two rotavirus vaccines are currently licensed for infants in the United States. Starting at 2 months old, infants should get two or three doses depending on the brand of rotavirus vaccine.
The first dose of rotavirus vaccine should be given before a child is 15 weeks of age. Children should receive all doses of rotavirus vaccine before they turn 8 months of age. For more information, bavies About the Vaccine. Your healthcare provider is the best source of information on the benefits and risks of vaccines. Before your child receives any vaccine, discuss with your healthcare provider:. Infants who are moderately or severely ill should wait to rotavrius the vaccine until they recover.
This includes infants with moderate or severe diarrhea or vomiting. Babies who are mildly ill can get the vaccine. About 9 out of 10 children who js the vaccine will be protected from severe rotavirus illness fever, vomiting, diarrhea, and changes in behaviorwhile about royavirus to eight out of 10 children will be completely protected from rotavirus illness. Before a vaccine was available, many children who became ill with rotavirus were hospitalized.
Most babies who get rotavirus vaccine do not have any side effects. However, some babies can have side effects that are usually mild and go away on their own. Serious side effects are possible but rare. This can include being irritable or having mild, temporary diarrhea, or vomiting after getting a dose of rotavirus vaccine. There is a small risk of intussusceptiona type of bowel blockage that is treated in a hospital, that could require surgery. Intussusception happens in some babies every year in the United States, and usually there is no known babiew for it.
Intussusception from rotavirus vaccination usually occurs within a week of receiving a dose of vaccine. The risk of intussusception from rotavirus vaccination is estimated to range from about 1 in 20, bwbies 1 inUS infants who get rotavirus vaccine. Your healthcare provider can give you more information. Any medication can cause a severe what is rotavirus in babies reaction.
Such reactions from a vaccine are very rare, estimated at less babied 1 in a million doses, and usually happen within a few minutes to a few hours after the vaccination.
As with any medicine, there is a very remote chance of a wnat causing a serious injury or death. The safety of vaccines is always being monitored. Most health insurance plans cover the cost of vaccines.
However, you may want to check with your insurance provider before going to a healthcare provider. This program helps families of eligible children who might not how to rack 9 ball properly have access to vaccines.
You rotaviruus also contact your state VFC coordinator. Top of Page. Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link. Vaccines and Preventable Diseases. Section Navigation. Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Syndicate.
What is a rotavirus infection?
May 07, · Rotavirus is a type of infection that’s most common in children under the age of 5. It’s highly contagious and easily transmittable. While it Author: Kristeen Cherney. Jul 25, · Rotavirus spreads easily among infants and young children. The virus can cause severe watery diarrhea, vomiting, fever, and abdominal pain. Children who get rotavirus disease can become dehydrated and may need to be hospitalized. CDC recommends that infants get rotavirus vaccine to protect against rotavirus disease. Mar 04, · Rotavirus is a virus that causes inflammation of the small intestine. The infection can prevent your child's body from absorbing water and nutrients from food. This can cause severe dehydration. Rotavirus can spread through coughing, food or water, or contact with the bowel movement of an infected person.
Rotavirus is a common virus that infects the linings of the intestines. It causes vomiting and diarrhea , especially in babies and young children. Childcare centers are a common site of infection outbreaks. Rotavirus immunizations are recommended for most children, and can prevent many rotavirus infections. They also might have a cough and runny nose. As with all viruses, though, some rotavirus infections cause few or no symptoms, especially in adults.
Sometimes the diarrhea is so severe that it can quickly lead to dehydration. A child who's dehydrated might:. Yes, rotavirus passes easily from one person to another. Infections are common during the winter and spring months, especially in group settings like childcare centers. The virus passes in the stool poop of infected people before and after they have symptoms.
Kids can become infected if they put their fingers in their mouths after touching a contaminated surface, like a toy.
Usually this happens when kids don't wash their hands often enough, especially before eating and after using the toilet. People who care for kids, including health care and childcare workers, also can spread the virus, especially if they don't wash their hands after changing diapers.
Severe infections, called rotavirus gastroenteritis, are the leading cause of severe, dehydrating diarrhea in infants and young children. These infections cause relatively few U.
But rotavirus-related diarrhea causes more than half a million deaths worldwide every year, especially in developing countries. Babies and toddlers who are dehydrated may need treatment in a hospital. They'll get intravenous IV fluids to bring the body's fluid and salt levels back to normal.
Most older kids can be treated at home. Your doctor may need to test your child's blood, pee , or stool to confirm that the diarrhea is being caused by rotavirus and not by bacteria.
Antibiotics only work against illnesses caused by bacteria. So, the doctor will not prescribe antibiotics to treat a rotavirus infection. To prevent dehydration, follow your doctor's advice about what your child should eat and drink. Your doctor may suggest that you give your child special drinks that replace body fluids, especially if the diarrhea has lasted for more than 2 or 3 days. Kids with mild diarrhea who are not dehydrated should eat as usual but drink more fluids.
Avoid fruit juices and soft drinks, which can make diarrhea worse. Those with mild to moderate dehydration should drink small amounts of an oral rehydration solution often. They can go back to eating as usual when they're better.
Breastfed children continue breastfeeding throughout. A child who is vomiting will need to eat smaller amounts of food more often. Don't give your child over-the-counter medicines for vomiting or diarrhea unless your doctor recommends them. The rotavirus vaccine can prevent many causes of rotavirus.
The vaccine is a liquid given by mouth to babies at ages 2 and 4 months, and again at 6 months, depending on the vaccine brand. Washing hands well and often is the best way to limit the spread of rotavirus infection. Kids with rotavirus should stay home from childcare until the diarrhea is gone.
Reviewed by: Cynthia C. Roque, MD. Larger text size Large text size Regular text size.