About Occupational Therapy
Occupational therapy is the only profession that helps people across the lifespan to do the things they want and need to do through the therapeutic use of daily activities (occupations). Occupational therapy practitioners enable people of all ages to live life to its fullest by helping them promote health, and prevent—or live better with—injury, illness, or disability. Apr 29, · Occupational therapy is a healthcare profession that focuses on enabling people to do the things they want and need to do in their everyday funslovestory.com: Amanda Barrell.
For those who struggle with daily tasks like these and others, Occupational Therapy is a service provided by a skilled, certified professional that can help! Play is powerful for so many reasons. Playing the appropriate way with toys, and advancing to different ways of playing as your child grows, are crucial for developing physical coordination, social skills, cognitive abilities, and language skills.
Through fun, play-based activities! Usually, through a combination of administering a standardized assessment and observing how your child interacts with a variety of toys, an Occupational Therapist creates specific goals for your child based on the assessment.
The OT evaluation can also include a recommendation for therapy. Sometimes for example, OT is recommended once a week for an hour. And what happens once your child starts weekly Occupational Therapy sessions? A whole lot of fun! The therapist will choose toys that work on specific skills your child could benefit from developing for example, a toy piggy bank with plastic coins to help your child practice putting a small object inside of another toy.
Tying shoes, buttoning buttons and snaps, pulling how to make suji upma, cutting with scissors…kids need to develop strong fine motor skills to perform several everyday tasks.
Looking over expected fine motor milestones can give you an idea of whether he or she is developing these skills at the appropriate ages. If you have concerns, you may want to consider scheduling an Occupational Therapy Evaluation.
OT can help with that too! That can include having enough hand-eye coordination to throw and catch a ball, or complete an obstacle course. When a child receives OT for motor abilities, the therapist will likely ask your child to complete different tasks with their body to improve the skills they are behind in. This could be anything from doing jumping jacks, to using tweezers to pick up marbles in a game, to tracing letters. But sometimes red flags arise when a child has more difficulty sitting still than would be expected.
Occupational Therapy can help. Other types of sensory processing difficulties kids can show are being uncomfortable touching a variety of textures with their hands, picky eating or aversions to certain what is an ot therapist of foods crunchy, soft, mixedand trouble tolerating different types of auditory input like reacting too much or too little to sounds around them.
This is a customized series of physical activities your child can do at home to ensure their body is getting the sensory input they need at an appropriate time. Occupational Therapy can include a variety of activities to help your child tolerate sensory input, like playing with a fun at-home sensory wall.
TherapyWorks is a company that provides Speech, Occupational, Feeding, Physical Therapy, and Social Work Services via teletherapy — a safe, convenient, and effective option. Are you interested in services for your child? Founded by Michelle Worth and Erin Vollmer, TherapyWorks provides in-home speech, occupational and physical therapies in Michigan, Ohio and Illinois and teletherapy nationwide.
Twenty-twenty is finally behind us and has begun! Many of us hoped that things would have returned to normal when …. Or, maybe your child …. We hope you and your family are continuing to stay safe and healthy! As you know, the health and safety of our clients and therapists remain our highest priority. As always, please reach out with any questions or concerns. Thank you for your cooperation and understanding as we work together through these unprecedented times. That said, we understand that some children have adverse reactions to seeing adults in masks and will leave it up to you and your therapist to decide your comfort level while still taking safety precautions.
We ask that parents and caregivers also follow the guidelines and wear masks when sitting in on sessions. We will not enforce that policy, but we do kindly ask for compliance. As for your child, we realize that masks may not be appropriate for every child so we will not enforce the rule that children over the age of 2 should wear a mask. However, if your therapist insists that your child wear a mask, then that will be a requirement directly between the two of you. How to train a dog for therapy dog you again for your cooperation and for helping all of us stay healthy!
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What is an occupational therapist?
In its simplest terms, occupational therapists and occupational therapy assistants help people across the lifespan participate in the things they want and need to do through the therapeutic use of everyday activities (occupations). Apr 09, · An Occupational Therapist may evaluate your child’s gross motor skills – those that require him or her to use larger muscle groups. That can include having enough hand-eye coordination to throw and catch a ball, or complete an obstacle course. An occupational therapist (OT) is a healthcare professional who is trained in therapeutic approaches that work with a patient’s ability to perform routine tasks and activities, usually as a means of rehabilitation or therapy after an injury or illness.
Medically Reviewed By: Lauren Guilbeault. People usually use the word "occupation" to refer to their job. With that in mind, occupational therapy may sound like work, but it's actually unrelated to your profession. Instead, occupational therapy is a field of therapy that has many similarities to physical therapy PT.
Its goal is to allow you to do the things you need to do to take care of yourself. Read on to learn about the many different types of occupational therapy and how they might benefit you. Chat With Us!
This website is owned and operated by BetterHelp, who receives all fees associated with the platform. Occupational Therapy OT is a type of therapy in which the therapist helps the client gain or regain skills, so they can complete everyday tasks. These tasks also known as "occupations" may take place at home, in a nursing home, or in a community.
For example, you may need to be able to drive and go to the grocery store. If you're currently unable to do so, occupational therapists can help you learn or relearn those skills so you can live independently.
Alternatively, a geriatric client in a nursing home might only need support learning to do simpler tasks, such as grooming, socializing, and walking without losing balance. To understand OT, we need to look at the phrase "activities of daily living. Items on the list might include:. In addition, your occupational therapy program might include other activities, which often fall under the category of Instrumental Daily Activities :.
Finally, there are other tasks that may be considered important enough to be routinely included in occupational therapy, including:. OT and PT share many of the same goals and attributes. Both are led by educators and trainers, and both help you perform daily living functions. In addition, both may help you heal from and then avoid injuries. However, each type of therapy has its own focus and methods. The differences between physical and occupational therapy are sometimes subtle and sometimes obvious.
Most importantly, they each have different goals. Physical therapy aims to strengthen the muscles, while occupational therapy makes it possible for you to take care of yourself, whether that's physically, mentally, socially, or in another practical way.
Of course, it's easier to complete daily tasks when your muscles work as effectively as possible. Therefore, the two types of therapy are often used for the same client during a rehabilitation period. Occupational therapy sessions consist of education and training, which is usually related to mental tasks or physical strength, coordination, and balance. The therapist may also teach you about how to interact socially and help you practice doing so.
Eventually, you'll practice that skill until it becomes easier, or you and your therapist will find a different way to solve your ADL challenge. Occupational therapists and occupational therapy aides work together to provide OT treatments. A client can be anyone of any age who has physical, mental, or social limitations that stop them from accomplishing their tasks of daily living in a satisfactory manner.
You may need occupational therapy at any time in your life. If you're a child, you might go to OT when a doctor, therapist, or social worker determines that you have a mental or physical condition that will limit your functioning. If, on the other hand, you become disabled, your doctor might recommend occupational therapy at some point.
Later in life, your gerontologist might send you to occupational therapy if your mental or physical capabilities are beginning to diminish because of your age or age-related conditions.
Finally, after an injury, you might be referred to OT after you've already been in PT long enough to build the strength needed for your ADL.
At that point, occupational therapy classes can help you learn and practice how to do the Activities of Daily Living. Occupational therapy programs can be found in hospitals, psychiatric facilities, schools, workplaces, clients' homes, medical clinics, nursing homes, rehabilitation centers, or independent occupational therapy facilities. Sessions may be carried out in a central location, or they may occur in the client's home or elsewhere in the community.
Your first session is typically an assessment where the occupational therapist goes through the list of Activities of Daily Living. They'll ask you about any problems you have with your ADL and may request specifics about how you do them. For instance, they might ask you if you have any problems eating. If you respond "no" because you're able to put food in your mouth and swallow, the occupational therapist may ask more specific questions, such as:.
Another part of the assessment will gauge your motivation and find out what you would like to be able to do. The important thing is to set reasonable goals and remember that you can always set new ones after you achieve your current goals. Finally, the therapist might also request that you perform certain activities during the assessment. For example, they might ask you to get up and down from a chair or bed, so they can observe any difficulties you might have. After the assessment, they'll write up their findings and create a treatment plan.
At your second session, the therapist typically reviews the treatment plan with you and may begin working with you that same day. OT activities can be interesting, but if you don't know why you're doing them, it may be difficult to stay motivated. Your occupational therapist can tell you the purpose of each exercise or activity to help motivate you; in fact, they'll probably tell you before you ask. Even better, most of the activities have an element of fun. Some of the activities require special equipment, but most of it is fairly inexpensive.
Still, the more you can accomplish in your sessions, the less you may have to buy later on when you're continuing to practice by yourself. Activities can promote physical strength, mental competence, and social ability. You might work on gross motor skills with one activity and fine motor skills with another. For example, you could play games that enhance your ability to react more quickly, while another activity may help you follow directions more closely.
Your occupational therapist has a myriad of choices for helping you learn how to complete your Activities of Daily Living more easily and competently. Because occupational therapy is used for people of all ages and circumstances, occupational therapists can choose from any of a large number of specialties, some of which are listed below. You might be wondering why children might need OT, but you should know that it's often helpful for children or young people who have experienced one of the following conditions:.
Children as young as 2-years-old can benefit from occupational therapy if they need it. Regardless of the challenges they face, an occupational therapist can help them succeed. Occupational therapy for autism is a specialty where therapists may work with children, adolescents, and adults to help them overcome social and communication difficulties as well as participate in their ADL.
Sessions may take place in a school or daycare if the client is a child. For adults with severe autism, the sessions may take place in an adult day care. Geriatric occupational therapy is usually focused on the most basic Activities of Daily Living. As people age, they may lose their ability to do everyday tasks that many of us take for granted. Chewing and swallowing, bathing, toileting, getting in and out of bed, and controlling our bladder and bowels may slowly become more and more difficult.
Others may need to relearn many skills after they're temporarily or partially disabled following a stroke. Also, OT can help older people stay independent in their own home for longer. Furthermore, it can help them deal with Alzheimer's or dementia, arthritis, or any of the other challenges older adults commonly face.
Occupational therapists in this specialty not only help those who are losing their abilities due to age, but also older people who have disabilities or injuries just like anyone else. Occupational therapy for mental health is a growing field. In their case, OT can help them learn better self-care and prevent relapse of symptoms.
Occupational therapists who specialize in physical rehabilitation usually work with clients who have been injured or are disabled.
People who have been seriously injured usually need occupational therapy for some time before they can resume their normal activities. In addition, people who have always been disabled or who become disabled later in life can also benefit from OT, but they may need to do things differently than most people.
The goal is to help them learn to complete their ADLs in the way that's best suited to their condition and situation. This specialty is not physical therapy, but it's usually used in conjunction with PT. For many people, driving is such a crucial skill that it's hard to survive without it in some locations. As part of this, they may assess whether the client is even able to drive and, if so, advocate for them in court cases intended to take away their license.
In the event that the client is not able to drive, the therapist focuses on other means of community mobility, such as riding the bus or taking a taxi. How disabled you feel has a lot to do with your environment. If your home isn't well-suited to your condition, you can feel extremely helpless. Once they see what you're dealing with, they can create a plan for the modifications.
They can also work with a landlord, principal, or home improvement company to ensure the modifications are installed correctly. Typical accommodations include:. Feeding, eating and swallowing specialists help you work on these basic survival needs. Because of certain medical conditions or due to age, swallowing can become so difficult that people have to relearn how to do it. Therapy therefore involves the physical skills of feeding, eating, and swallowing, along with the social and cultural aspects of eating.
Low vision specialists in the OT field treat people who have low vision due to an eye disease, injury, or brain injury. They help their clients procure adaptive equipment and teach them how to use it.
They also work with optometrists, ophthalmologists, and other vision specialists. In the OT field, a school systems specialist is just what it sounds like. It's someone who works in schools, whether that's a preschool, elementary school, middle school, or high school. They also help students who are making the transition to another school or from a school to the workplace. The online resources available for occupational therapy have increased tremendously in recent years, especially for children.
You can find games, exercises, puzzles, charts, books, equipment, and suggestions with only a few clicks. Here are some resources that might interest you:.