NATURALIZED CITIZEN. One who, being born an alien, has lawfully become a citizen of the United States Under the constitution and laws. 2. He has all the rights of a natural born citizen, except that of being eligible as president or vice-president of the United States. In foreign countries he has a right to be treated as such, and will be so considered even in the country of his birth, at least for most purposes. . Naturalization is the legal process whereby a lawful permanent resident is granted U.S. citizenship. A lawful permanent can be granted citizenship if they meet all the requirements set out in the Immigration and National Act (INA). There are a few different situations where you may be eligible for U.S. citizenship.
A naturalized citizen is a person who was born an alien, but has lawfully become a citizen of the United States under the U. Constitution and laws. A naturalized citizen has all the rights of a natural born citizen, except is not eligible as president or vice-president of the United States.
In foreign countries he has a right to be treated as such, and will be considered a U. An applicant must be 18 years old and have been lawfully admitted to the United States for permanent residence. Lawfully admitted for permanent residence means having been legally accorded the privilege of residing permanently in the United States as an immigrant in accordance with the immigration laws.
Individuals who have been lawfully admitted as permanent residents will be asked to produce an I, Alien Registration Receipt Card, as proof of their status. An applicant is eligible to file if, immediately preceding the filing ictizen the application, he or she:. Good Moral Character Generally, an applicant must show that he or she has been a person of good moral character for the statutory period typically five years or three years if married to a U.
The Service is not limited to the statutory period in determining whether an applicant has established good moral character. An applicant is permanently barred from naturalization if he or she has ever been convicted naturallized murder.
An how to use canon digital rebel is also permanently barred from naturalization if he or she has been convicted of an aggravated felony as defined in section a 43 of the Act on or after November 29, A person also cannot be found to be a person of good moral character naturapized during the last five years he or she:. An applicant must disclose all relevant facts to the Service, including his or her entire criminal history, regardless of whether the criminal history disqualifies the applicant under the enumerated provisions.
An applicant must show that he or she is attached to the principles of the Constitution of the United States. Applicants for naturalization must be able to read, write, speak, and understand words in ordinary usage in the English language. Whxt exempt from naturaliaed requirement are those who on the date of filing:. An applicant for naturalization must demonstrate a knowledge and understanding of the fundamentals of the history and of the principles and form of government ctizen the United States.
History and Government. Applicants who have been residing in the U. In certain instances, where the applicant establishes that he or she is opposed to any type how to activate new vodafone sim india service in armed forces based on religious teaching or belief, INS will permit these applicants to take a modified oath.
Find Attorney. For Attorneys. We Help! No Hassles Guarantee. For Attorneys Products Attorney Directory. Search: Search. Popular forms. Naturalized Citizen Law and Legal Definition. General Naturalization Requirements: Residency An applicant must be 18 years old and have been lawfully admitted to the United States for permanent residence. Residence and Physical Presence An applicant is eligible to file if, immediately preceding the filing of the application, he or she: has been lawfully admitted for permanent residence see preceding section ; has resided continuously as a lawful permanent resident in the U.
Attachment to the Constitution An applicant must show that he or she is attached to the principles of the Constitution of the United States. Language Applicants for naturalization must be able to read, write, speak, and understand words in ordinary usage in the English language.
United States Government and History Knowledge An applicant for naturalization must demonstrate a knowledge and understanding of the fundamentals of the history and of the principles and form of government of the United States. History and Government Applicants who have been residing in the U.
History Sample U. History Questions with Answers Oath of Allegiance: To become a citizen, one must take the oath of allegiance. By doing so, an applicant swears to: support the Constitution and obey the laws of the U. Advanced Search.
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A naturalized citizen is a person who was born an alien, but has lawfully become a citizen of the United States under the U.S. Constitution and laws. A naturalized citizen has all the rights of a natural born citizen, except is not eligible as president or vice-president of the United States. rows · Naturalization (or naturalisation) is the legal act or process by which a non-citizen of a . Jul 05, · Naturalization is the process by which U.S. citizenship is granted to a lawful permanent resident after meeting the requirements established by Congress in the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA). Acquisition of citizenship is obtained through U.S. citizenship parents either at birth or after birth, but before the age of
Naturalization or naturalisation is the legal act or process by which a non-citizen of a country may acquire citizenship or nationality of that country. To counter multiple citizenship , most countries require that applicants for naturalization renounce any other citizenship that they currently hold, but whether this renunciation actually causes loss of original citizenship , as seen by the host country and by the original country, will depend on the laws of the countries involved.
The massive increase in population flux due to globalization and the sharp increase in the numbers of refugees following World War I created many stateless persons , people who were not citizens of any state. In some rare cases, laws for mass naturalization were passed. As naturalization laws had been designed to cater for the relatively few people who had voluntarily moved from one country to another expatriates , many western democracies were not ready to naturalize large numbers of people.
This included the massive influx of stateless people which followed massive denationalizations and the expulsion of ethnic minorities from newly created nation states in the first part of the 20th century, but they also included the mostly aristocratic Russians who had escaped the October Revolution and the war communism period, and then the Spanish refugees.
As Hannah Arendt pointed out, internment camps became the "only nation" of such stateless people, since they were often considered "undesirable" and were stuck in an illegal situation, wherein their country had expelled them or deprived them of their nationality, while they had not been naturalized, thus living in a judicial no man's land.
Since World War II , the increase in international migrations created a new category of migrants, most of them economic migrants. For economic, political, humanitarian and pragmatic reasons, many states passed laws allowing a person to acquire their citizenship after birth, such as by marriage to a national — jus matrimonii — or by having ancestors who are nationals of that country, in order to reduce the scope of this category.
The Australian Citizenship Act ended the preferential treatment for British subjects from 1 December The People's Republic of China gives citizenship to people with one or two parents with Chinese nationality who have not taken residence in other countries.
The country also gives citizenship to people born on its territory to stateless people who have settled there. Furthermore, individuals may apply for nationality if they have a near relative with Chinese nationality, if they have settled in China, or if they present another legitimate reason. The naturalization process starts with a written application. Applicants must submit three copies, written with a ball-point or fountain pen, to national authorities, and to provincial authorities in the Ministry of Public Security and the Public Security Bureau.
Applicants must also submit original copies of a foreign passport, a residence permit, a permanent residence permit, and four two-and-a-half inch long pictures. According to the conditions outlined in the Nationality Law of the People's Republic of China , authorities may also require "any other material that the authority believes are related to the nationality application".
People who fulfil all of the following criteria can obtain French citizenship through naturalisation: . People who fulfill all of the following criteria can obtain German citizenship through naturalisation: . The dependent minor children of an applicant for naturalisation may also themselves become naturalised German citizens. The fee may be waived in cases of extreme hardship or public interest.
People who naturalise as German citizens must usually give up their previous nationality, as German law takes a restrictive approach to multiple citizenship.
Exceptions are made for:. The Indian citizenship and nationality law and the Constitution of India provides single citizenship for the entire country. The provisions relating to citizenship at the commencement of the Constitution are contained in Articles 5 to 11  in Part II of the Constitution of India.
The Citizenship Amendment Ordinance was promulgated by the President of India and came into force on 28 June Following these reforms, Indian nationality law largely follows the jus sanguinis citizenship by right of blood as opposed to the jus soli citizenship by right of birth within the territory. This Act aims at fast tracking citizenship for illegal immigrants who have entered India on or before 31 December from the neighbouring countries of Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh.
The Italian Government grants Italian citizenship for the following reasons. Indonesian nationality is regulated by Law No. The Indonesian nationality law is based on jus sanguinis and jus soli. The Indonesian nationality law does not recognize dual citizenship except for people under the age of 18 single citizenship principle.
After reaching 18 years of age individuals are forced to choose one citizenship limited double citizenship principle. Any application for citizenship is granted by the President of Indonesia. This right to immigrate did not and still does not grant citizenship. In fact, for four years after Israel gained independence, there were no Israeli citizens. The law further clarified that naturalization was available to immigrants who had arrived before Israel's creation, immigrants who arrived after statehood was granted, and those who did not come to Israel as immigrants but have since expressed desire to settle in Israel, with restriction.
Naturalization applicants must also meet the following requirements: be over 18 years of age, have resided in Israel for three out of the five preceding years, have settled or intend to settle permanently in Israel, have some knowledge of Hebrew, and have renounced prior nationality or demonstrated ability to renounce nationality after becoming a citizen of Israel.
Because of Israel's relatively new and culturally mixed identity, Israel does not grant citizenship to people born on Israeli soil.
Instead, the government chose to enact a jus sanguinis system, with the naturalization restrictions listed above. There is currently no legislation on second-generation immigrants those born in Israel to immigrant parents. Furthermore, foreign spouses can apply for citizenship through the Minister of the Interior, but have a variety of restrictions and are not guaranteed citizenship.
People who fulfil all of the following criteria can obtain Luxembourg citizenship through naturalisation: . Naturalisation in Malaysia is guided by the Malaysian Constitution. According to the law, those who want to be the country citizen should live in the country for a period of 10—12 years. The would-be-citizens are required to speak the Malay language as well submitting the identity cards of two Malaysians who recommend the applicant for citizenship.
The requirements are as follows: . The Article 16 of Malaysian Constitution also stated a similar condition previously. Commonwealth Act No. Naturalization in Russia is guided by articles 13 and 14 of the federal law "About Citizenship of Russian Federation" passed on May 31, Citizenship of Russia can be obtained in general or simplified order.
To become a citizen in general order, one must be 18 years of age or older, continuously live in Russia as a permanent resident for at least five years this term is limited to one year for valued specialists, political asylum seekers and refugees , have legal means of existence, promise to obey the laws and Constitution of Russia and be fluent in the Russian language.
There is also a possibility to naturalize in a simplified order, in which certain requirements will be waived. Eligible for that are people, at least one parent of whom is a Russian citizen living on Russian territory; people, who lived on the territories of the former Soviet republics but never obtained citizenships of those nations after they gained independence; people, who were born on the territory of RSFSR and formerly held Soviet citizenship; people married to Russian citizens for at least 3 years; people, who served in Russian Armed Forces under contract for at least 3 years; parents of mentally incapacitated children over 18 who are Russian citizens; participants of the State Program for Assisting Compatriots Residing Abroad; and some other categories.
Chapter 2 of the South African Citizenship Act, enacted on October 6, , defines who is considered a naturalized citizen at the time of the act and also outlines the naturalization process for future immigrants. Any person who immediately prior to the commencement of the act had been a South African citizen via naturalization, had been deemed to be a South African citizen by registration, or had been a citizen via naturalization of any of the former states now composing South Africa is now considered to be a naturalized citizen of South Africa.
Those wishing to apply for naturalization in the future must apply to the Minister of Home Affairs and must meet a slew of requirements. First, naturalization applicants must be over the age of 18 and must have been a permanent resident of South Africa for five years prior to application prior to , the permanent residence requirement was one year prior to application and for four out of the eight years prior to application. The ability to communicate in one of the official languages of South Africa is also required.
Applicants must show the intention to reside in South Africa after naturalization, and they are required to make a declaration of allegiance. The Constitution of South Africa states that national legislation must provide for the acquisition, loss and restoration of citizenship. Being a naturalized South African citizen is a privilege, not a right. Even after meeting all the requirements and going through the naturalization process, the minister holds the right to deny citizenship.
The minister can also grant citizenship to minors, if their parent applies for them. The minister also holds the power to revoke naturalization at any time for specific reasons listed in the Act.
Reasons for revoking the naturalization certificate include marrying someone who is a citizen of another country and holding citizenship in another country, or applying for citizenship of another country without prior authorization for retention of citizenship. If a permanent resident is denied naturalization, he or she must wait at least one year before reapplying. There has always been a distinction in the law of England and Wales between the subjects of the monarch and aliens: the monarch's subjects owed the monarch allegiance, and included those born in his or her dominions natural-born subjects and those who later gave him or her their allegiance naturalised subjects.
Today, the requirements for naturalisation as a citizen of the United Kingdom depend on whether or not one is the spouse or civil partner of a citizen. An applicant who is a spouse or civil partner of a British citizen must:  [ verification needed ]. The Naturalization Act of set the initial rules on naturalization: "free, White persons" who had been resident for five years or more. Laws enacted in , , , and continued preferential treatment provisions for veterans. But the Tydings—McDuffie Act reclassified Filipinos as aliens, and set a quota of 50 immigrants per year, and otherwise applying the Immigration Act of to them.
During the s, annual immigrants from British India and the Philippines were allowed. The War Brides Act of permitted soldiers to bring back their foreign wives and established precedent in naturalization through marriage. The Immigration Act of finally allowed people from all nations to be given equal access to immigration and naturalization. Illegal immigration became a major issue in the United States at the end of the 20th century.
The Immigration Reform and Control Act of , while tightening border controls, also provided the opportunity of naturalization for illegal aliens who had been in the country for at least four years.
Today, lawful permanent residents of the United States are eligible to apply for U. The Child Citizenship Act of streamlined the naturalization process for children adopted internationally. A child under age 18 who is adopted by at least one U. The Act also provides that the non-citizen minor child of a newly naturalized U. The following list is a brief summary of the duration of legal residence before a national of a foreign state, without any cultural, historical, or marriage ties or connections to the state in question, can request citizenship under that state's naturalization laws.
A few rare mass naturalization processes have been implemented by nation states. In , Brazil granted naturalization to all aliens living in the country.
The second massive naturalization process was in favor of Armenian refugees coming from Turkey, who went to Syria , Lebanon or other former Ottoman countries. Reciprocally, Turkey massively naturalized the refugees of Turkish descent or other ethnic backgrounds in Muslim creed from these countries during a redemption process. Canada instituted a mass naturalization by Act of Parliament with the enactment of the Canadian Citizenship Act After annexation of the territories east of the Curzon line by the Soviet Union in , Soviets naturalized en masse all the inhabitants of those territories—including ethnic Poles , as well as its other citizens who had been deported into the Soviet Union, mainly to Kazakhstan.
Those people were forcibly naturalized as Soviet citizens. Poland has a limited repatriation program in place. The most recent massive naturalization case resulted from the Argentine economic crisis in the beginning of the 21st century. Existing or slightly updated right of return laws in Spain and Italy allowed many of their diasporic descendants to obtain—in many cases to regain—naturalization in virtue of jus sanguinis , as in the Greek case.
Hence, many Argentines acquired European nationality. Since the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution grants citizenship only to those "born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof", and the original United States Constitution only grants Congress the power of naturalization, it could be argued that all acts of Congress that expand the right of citizenship are cases of mass naturalization.
This includes the acts that extended U. The mass naturalization of native people in occupied territories is illegal under the laws of war Hague and Geneva Conventions. However, there have been many instances of such illegal mass naturalizations in the 20th century. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.