List of commodities exchanges
A commodities exchange is an exchange, or market, where various commodities are traded. Most commodity markets around the world trade in agricultural products and other raw materials (like wheat, barley, sugar, maize, cotton, cocoa, coffee, milk products, pork bellies, oil, and metals).Trading includes and various types of derivatives contracts based on these commodities, such as forwards. US gasoline futures gained ground in April, with the front-month contract surging above the $ per gallon mark for the first time in four weeks amid improved demand sentiment as vaccination drives gather pace. Still, the latest government data showing a rise in US fuel stocks last week capped some upside momentum. Historically, Gasoline reached an all time high of in July of
Summary Forecast Stats Download Alerts. Gasoline increased 0. Historically, Gasoline reached an all time high of 3. Gasoline - data, forecasts, historical chart - was last updated on April of Gasoline is expected to trade at 1. Looking forward, we estimate it to trade at 1. Trading Economics members can view, download and compare data from nearly countries, including more than 20 million economic indicators, exchange rates, government bond yields, stock indexes and commodity prices. Features Questions?
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A commodities exchange is an exchange where various commodities and derivatives are traded. Most commodity markets across the world trade in agricultural products and other raw materials (like wheat, barley, sugar, maize, cotton, cocoa, coffee, milk products, pork bellies, oil, metals, etc.) and contracts based on them. May 08, · A commodities exchange refers both to a physical location where the trading of commodities takes place and to legal entities that have been formed in order to . Mercantile Exchange Nepal - MEX provides online Commodity Trading, Commodities Exchange, Commodity market etc in Nepal. MEX is the only Exchange in Nepal to have such support from the commodity relevant institutions.
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Measure content performance. Develop and improve products. List of Partners vendors. A commodity market is a marketplace for buying, selling, and trading raw materials or primary products. There are currently about 50 major commodity markets worldwide that facilitate trade in approximately primary commodities.
Commodities are often split into two broad categories: hard and soft commodities. Hard commodities include natural resources that must be mined or extracted—such as gold, rubber, and oil, whereas soft commodities are agricultural products or livestock—such as corn, wheat, coffee, sugar, soybeans, and pork.
Commodities markets allow producers and consumers of commodity products to gain access to them in a centralized and liquid marketplace. These market actors can also use commodities derivatives to hedge future consumption or production. Speculators, investors, and arbitrageurs also play an active role in these markets. Certain commodities, such as precious metals, have been thought of to be a good hedge against inflation, and a broad set of commodities as an alternative asset class can help diversify a portfolio.
Because the prices of commodities tend to move in opposition to stocks, some investors also rely on commodities during periods of market volatility. In the past, commodities trading required significant amounts of time, money, and expertise, and was primarily limited to professional traders. Today, there are more options for participating in the commodity markets.
Trading commodities goes back to the dawn of human civilization as tribal clans and newly established kingdoms would barter and trade with one another for food, supplies, and other items. Trading commodities indeed predates that of stocks and bonds by many centuries. The rise of empires such as ancient Greece and Rome can be directly linked to their ability to create complex trading systems and facilitate the exchange of commodities across vast swaths via routes like the famous Silk Road that linked Europe to the Far East.
Today, commodities are still exchanged throughout the world and on a massive scale. Things have also become more sophisticated with the advent of exchanges and derivatives markets, Exchanges regulate and standardized commodity trading, allowing for liquid and efficient markets.
Perhaps the most influential modern commodities market is the Chicago Board of Trade CBOT , established in , where it originally traded only agricultural commodities such as wheat, corn, and soybeans in order to help farmers and commodity consumers manage risks by removing price uncertainty from agricultural products such as wheat and corn. Today, it lists options and futures contracts on a wide range of products including gold, silver, U. Treasury bonds , and energy products. Some commodities exchanges have merged or gone out of business in recent years.
The majority of exchanges carry a few different commodities, although some specialize in a single group. In the U. Each exchange offers a wide range of global benchmarks across major asset classes. Generally speaking, commodities trade either in spot markets or derivatives markets. Derivatives markets involve forwards , futures , and options. Forwards and futures are derivatives contracts that use the spot market as the underlying asset.
These are contracts that give the owner control of the underlying at some point in the future, for a price agreed upon today. Only when the contracts expire would physical delivery of the commodity or other asset take place, and often traders will roll over or close out their contracts in order to avoid making or taking delivery altogether.
Forwards and futures are generically the same, except that forwards are customizable and trade over-the-counter OTC , whereas futures are standardized and traded on exchanges. The major exchanges in the U. Commodities traded on the CBOT include corn, gold, silver, soybeans, wheat, oats, rice, and ethanol. The Chicago Mercantile Exchange CME trades commodities such as milk, butter, feeder cattle, cattle, pork bellies, lumber, and lean hogs.
The New York Mercantile Exchange NYMEX trades commodities on its exchange such as oil, gold, silver, copper, aluminum, palladium, platinum, heating oil, propane, and electricity. These exchanges are primarily focused on agriculture commodities. Commodities are predominantly traded electronically; however, several U. Commodity trading conducted outside the operation of the exchanges is referred to as the over-the-counter OTC market.
The CFTC's objective is to promote competitive, efficient, and transparent markets that help protect consumers from fraud and unscrupulous practices. The CFTC and related regulations were designed to prevent and remove obstructions on interstate commerce in commodities by regulating transactions on commodity exchanges. For example, regulations look to limit, or abolish, short selling and eliminate the possibility of market and price manipulation , such as cornering markets.
The law that established the CFTC has been updated several times since it was created, most notably in the wake of the financial crisis. Regulation of commodity markets has continued to remain in the spotlight after four leading investment banks were caught up in a precious metals manipulation probe in For most individual investors, accessing commodities markets, whether spot or derivatives, is untenable.
Because commodities are considered an alternative asset class, pooled funds that traded commodities futures, such as CTAs, typically only allow accredited investors. Still, ordinary investors can gain indirect access to commodities via the stock market itself.
Stocks on mining or materials companies tend to be correlated with commodities prices, and there are various ETFs now that track various commodities or commodities indexes. Investors looking to diversify their portfolio can look to these ETFs, but for most long-term investors stocks and bonds will make up the core of their holdings.
Many online financial portals will provide some indication of certain commodities prices such as gold and crude oil. You can also find prices on the websites of commodity exchanges. Commodities traders buy and sell either physical spot commodities or derivatives contracts that use a physical commodity as its underlying.
Depending on what type of trader you are, you will use this market for different purposes, for instance, buying or selling a physical product, hedging, speculating, or arbitraging. Like any investment, commodities can be a good investment but also come with risks. An investor needs to understand the markets of the commodity they wish to trade in, for example, the fact that oil prices can fluctuate based on the political climate in the Middle East.
The type of investment also matters; ETFs provided more diversification and lower risks where futures are more speculative and the risks are higher because of margin requirements. That being said, commodities are seen as a hedge against inflation, and gold, in particular, can be a hedge against a market downturn. For spot markets, buyers and sellers exchange cash for immediate delivery of the physical product.
In derivatives markets, buyers and sellers exchange cash for the right to future delivery of that product. Oftentimes, derivatives holders will roll over or close out their positions before delivery can happen. Forwards trade over-the-counter and are customized between counterparties.
Futures and options are listed on exchanges and have standardized contracts that are more highly regulated. There are several commodities available. Energy products include crude oil, natural gas, and gasoline. Precious metals include gold, silver, and platinum.
Agricultural products include wheat, corn, soybeans, and livestock. Other commodities you can trade are coffee, sugar, cotton, and frozen orange juice. Khan Academy. Encyclopedia Britannica. CME Group. Soft Commodities Trading. Trading Basic Education. Your Privacy Rights. To change or withdraw your consent choices for Investopedia. At any time, you can update your settings through the "EU Privacy" link at the bottom of any page.
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Table of Contents Expand. What Is a Commodity Market? How Commodity Markets Work.