3 Types of Poultry: Knowing The Best For Your Startup
What Are the Different Types of Poultry? Domestic Landfowl. Domestic landfowl are domesticated birds that belong to the scientific order of Galliformes. The most Domestic Waterfowl. Domestic waterfowl include the domesticated version of waterborne birds. Duck . Chickens Laying Breeds. These breeds are known for their egg-laying capacity. Popular laying breeds include the White Leghorn, Meat Breeds. Meat-producing breeds are very efficient at converting feed to meat, producing approximately one pound of Dual-Purpose Breeds. The dual-purpose breed.
Mass production of chicken meat and eggs began in the early 20th century, but by how to light a weber grill with a match middle of that century meat production had outstripped egg production as a specialized industry. The market for chicken meat has grown dramatically since then, with worldwide exports reaching nearly The breeds of chickens are generally classified as American, Mediterranean, English, and Asiatic.
While there are hundreds of breeds in existence, commercial facilities rely on only a select few that meet the rigorous demands of industrial production. The single-comb White Leghorna Mediterranean breed widely used throughout the global egg industry, is a prolific layer that quickly reaches sexual maturity.
The Cornish Cross, a hybrid of Cornish and White Rockis one of the most-common breeds for industrial meat production whatt is esteemed for its compact size and rapid, efficient growth. Small farms and backyard flocks utilize a much wider variety of breeds and hybrids.
Common American breeds include the Plymouth Rock, the Wyandotte, the Rhode Island Redand the New Hampshire, all of which are dual-purpose breeds that are good for both eggs and meat. The Poulry Brahma, thought to have originated in the United States from birds imported from China, is popular for both its meat and its large brown eggs. After World War IIturkey production became highly specialized, with larger flocks predominating. Turkeys are raised in great numbers in Canada where their ancestors still live wild, as well as in some parts of Europe, the United How to watch youtube without ads google chrome, Mexico, and Brazil.
In breeding flocks, one tom is required per 8 or 10 hens, though the modern hybrid turkey is too large for natural breeding and must be artificially inseminated. Modern turkey breeding and farming practices have significantly reduced both the amount of feed and the time required to produce a pound of turkey meat.
In 12Ч14 weeks a hen turkey eats about 16 kg 35 pounds of feed and reaches 6Ч9 kg 14Ч20 pounds. Toms wht some 36 kg 80 pounds of feed to reach a market weight of 16Ч19 kg 35Ч42 pounds in 16Ч19 weeks. Smaller turkey broilers are marketed from 12 to 15 weeks of age.
Duck raising is practiced on a limited scale in nearly all countries, usually as a small-farm enterprise, though some whta plants do exist. Ducks are easily transported, can be raised in close confinement, and convert some waste products and scattered grain e.
Khaki Campbell and Indian Runner ducks are prolific layers, each averaging eggs per year. The Pekin duck, one of the most popular breeds in the United States, is used for both egg and meat production. Although the white-fleshed Aylesbury was once the favoured meat duck in England, disease and market competition from the yellow-fleshed Pekin duck have led to its decline.
Goose raising is often a minor farm enterprise, though some European countries have large-scale goose-production facilities. The two outstanding meat breeds are the Toulouse, predominantly gray in colour, and the Embden or Emdenwhich is how to play summertime on piano. The birds are raised for meat and eggs as well as for their down how to get freesat from sky. Geese klnds not appear to have attracted the attention of geneticists on the same scale as the meat chicken and the turkey, and no change in the goose industry comparable to that in the others has occurred or seems to be in prospect.
Ot some commercial plants, geese are fattened by a special process of force-feeding, resulting in a considerable enlargement of their livers, which are sold as the delicacy foie gras. Guinea fowl are raised as a sideline on a few farms in many countries and are eaten as gourmet items. In Italy there is how to get medicaid in texas fairly extensive industry.
The birds are often raised in yards with open-fronted shelters, and a number of varieties and species are utilized throughout the world. Guinea fowl are marketed in England at 16Ч18 weeks of age and in the United States at about 10Ч12 weeks.
The market weight is usually about 1Ч1. Pigeons are raised not only as messengers what are the major kinds of poultry for sport but also for the meat of their squabs nestlings.
Squab production, carried on locally, is rare in most countries with established poultry industries, though the meat is jinds marketed as a gourmet item. Poultry farming. Additional Info. Load Previous Page. Types of poultry Chickens Mass oc of chicken meat and eggs began in the early 20th century, but by the poultrj of that century meat production had outstripped egg production as a specialized industry.
Egg-producing hens Gallus gallus in an industrial henhouse. Under ideal lighting and heating conditions, female chickens may produce one egg every 23Ч26 hours. Rhode Island Red rooster.
Over the 7,year history of chicken Gallus gallus domestication, roosters male chickens have been used as fighting animals as well as for breeding and meat production. Midget White turkeys, a domestic breed of small stature. Domesticated Pekin ducks Anas platyrhynchos domestica. Pekin ducks are prolific egg layers and are one of the most popular breeds in the United States.
Flock of domestic geese Anser anser domesticus. Domestic geese are often kept as poultry for their eggs, meat, and feathers. Helmeted guinea fowl Numida meleagris. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:.
Eggthe content of the hard-shelled reproductive body qre by a bird, considered as food. While the primary role of the egg obviously is to reproduce the species, most eggs laid by domestic fowl, except those specifically set aside for hatching, are not fertilized but are sold mainlyЕ.
ChickenGallus gallusany of more than 60 breeds of medium-sized poultry that are primarily descended from the wild red jungle fowl Gallus gallusfamily Phasianidae, order Galliformes od India. The chicken how to clean brass bullet casings perhaps the most widely domesticated fowl, raised worldwide for its meat and eggs.
Turkeyeither of two species of birds classified as members of either the family Phasianidae or Meleagrididae order Galliformes.
The best known is the common turkey Meleagris gallopavoa native game bird of North America that has been widely domesticated for the table.
The other species is Agriocharis or Meleagris Е. History at your fingertips. Sign up here to see what happened On This Dayevery day in your inbox! Email address. By signing up, you agree to our Privacy Notice. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox.
Dec 15, †Ј Turkeys, Game Birds and Other Poultry Turkeys, geese, ducks and pheasants are often raised as pets or for their egg and meat-producing qualities. They also can make terrific projects for children to learn responsibility and animal husbandry skills.
Poultry is usually thought of being just for chickens. The definition of poultry is simple. Any bird that is raised for their eggs or meat is defined as poultry. This fits all birds including the various chicken types.
This can mean birds outside of the standard fare that we have listed here. Any time you embark on a new journey, it pays to be well prepared. A big part of my mission is to ensure you are aware of the tools and resources that play a big role in your success. Having worked in the cooking industry for over 20 years, I have tried many products. If you are going to be working with poultry on a regular or semi-regular basis, here are some tools to make it enjoyable.
The Culinary Cookbook is a fantastic resource to have at your fingertips. Downloadable on any device and packed with professional recipes, the value offered is incredible. Learning the same recipes taught in major culinary arts programs makes our cookbook a must-have for any skill level Ч From home cook to culinary students, to line cooks. Available now! A boning knife a versatile tool that works wonders when dealing with chicken or when breaking down a chicken.
Specialized tools are specialized for a reason. A boning knife is thin and sharp, giving you proper agility. It does not have to be expensive. For my recommendation, be sure to click here. A roasting pan is essential for a couple of reasons. The biggest is that poultry of all shapes and sizes cook wonderfully in the oven.
I find most home cooks use porcelain or glass for their cookware which makes it very difficult to clean. I highly recommend a proper roasting pan. If you want to see which roasting pan I recommend, check it out on Amazon by clicking here. A must-have in the kitchen, especially for poultry. Not only for food safety but to prevent overcooking as well. There are an absolute ton of these available on Amazon and most of them are crap.
You can check out the one I buy for all my cooks by clicking here. There is something cathartic about having the right tool for the job when inspiration hits. Poultry shears are like that. Not only are they versatile Hint: You can use them for more than poultry but deceptively useful. For an inexpensive, good quality pair, check out our recommendation on Amazon by clicking here. Well-cared for chickens treated as a pet can live for many years. Chicken lifespan can vary depending on living conditions.
In backyard conditions, they can live for years, like a dog. The breed and diet can also play into the lifespan. Chickens can eat ticks which can be helpful if you are raising them in a backyard setting.
They can also eat other insects such as flies and mosquitos. There are several types of chickens that are defined in classes of age. Knowing these classes will help you decide on the proper purchasing and cooking method to ensure accurate preparation. Game hens are typically weeks old and are young or immature progenies of a Cornish chicken. It is very flavorful. The best method of cooking is to split and roast or grill. It will have a flexible breastbone which is a good sign of the age.
It weighs up to 2kg 4lb and lends itself well to any cooking method as it is very versatile. A roaster is a few weeks older than a fryer. There is not much variation between a roaster and a fryer besides the age. This can affect flavor and tenderness. It has tender young meat with smooth skin. The breastbone is less flexible than the fryer and aged around weeks. The weight is 2kg and over. It is suitable for any cooking method. A capon is a castrated male Caponette will mean chemically castrated.
It has tender meat with soft smooth skin. A capon is bred for well-flavored meat and contains a high proportion of light meat to dark meat. A capon also has a high-fat content. A Capon is months old and weight between kg lb and over. The preferred method for cooking a capon is roasting. A fowl is a mature female. The breastbone has no flexibility. The age of the fowl is over 7 months and will weight 1kg 2lb and over.
The best cooking method for a fowl is to stew or braise. Duck is one of my favorite types of poultry due to its exquisite fat and excellent texture. There is nothing game-y about a duck. It goes very well with a variety of sweet berry sauces, making it even more delicious. The most common type of duck used is a young duckling. Duck only contains dark meat and large amounts of fat. To make the fatty skin edible, you must render as much fat off the meat as possible.
Duck has a high percentage of bone and fat to meat. A 2 Kg duck will only feed 2 people while a chicken of the same weight will serve 4. Eating duck at medium-well to medium is fine and there is no danger of foodborne illness. A goose contains only dark meat and has very fatty skin. It is usually roasted at high temperatures to render the fat.
Not as popular today as it was in the past, it is still used in some households an in some restaurants. Roasted goose was popular at holidays and is often served with an acidic fruit-based sauce to offset the fattiness. It has been overtaken in popularity by turkey for its less intense flavor and leanness. The young pigeon is not the pigeon you find on the streets but rather raised for the purpose of being eaten.
Usually referred to as squad, its meat is dark and tender, suitable for broiling, sauteing or roasting. There is minimal amounts of fat on the pigeon and would, therefore, benefit from barding. We all know about turkey and we should all know the differences in cooking a turkey compared to cooking a chicken. The difference in size alone means that the cooking methods and cooking times change substantially.
Turkey is the second most popular types of poultry. It has both light and dark meat and a relatively small amount of fat. Younger turkeys are much more economical and can be prepared in almost any manner. Best cooking methods for the typical young turkey is roast or cut into cutlets and sauteed or pan-fried.
Poultry is highly perishable and particularly susceptible to salmonella bacteria. As such, it is critical that the poultry is stored at the right temperatures. Be sure to store fresh chickens and other small birds on ice or at 0C Ч 2C 32F Ч 34F for up to two days. Larger birds can be stored for up to 4 days. Freezing poultry is recommended at C 0F or below and should be brought up to temperature gradually and always at cooler-temperature.
Foie gras is a bit controversial right now due to the manner in which it is harvested from the goose. However, it is still an important piece of the culinary arts and is important to know what it is and how to cook it. Foie Gras is the enlarged liver of a duck or goose that is considered a delicacy since Roman times. Today, it is produced in many parts of the world by methodically fattening the birds by force-feeding them specially prepared corn while limiting their movement and activity.
Fresh foie gras contains two lobes that must be separated, split and deveined. The better foie gras will be smooth and lighter in color with a more delicate flavor than that of duck. Fresh foie gras can be grilled, roasted, sauteed, or made into a pate. Keep in mind when cooking foie gras that if cooked for too long it can literally melt away due to the high amounts of fat within it. In , foie gras was banned in some areas and a movement has started to ban it completely due to allegations of animal cruelty.
My grandmother always put a cut up lemon and an orange into her chicken cavity.