Bipolar Disorder in Children and Teens
Most people are diagnosed with bipolar disorder in adolescence or adulthood, but the symptoms can appear earlier in childhood. Bipolar disorder is often episodic, but it usually lasts a lifetime. Feb 29, · Answer: Bipolar disorder can start really at any time in your life. It can start in children, in adolescence, in adults and in older adults. And depending on when the illness starts, the symptoms could be different. In children, in the young children, the illness starts slowly.
Bipolar disorder in children is possible. It's most often diagnosed in older children and teenagers, but bipolar disorder can occur in children of any age.
As in adults, bipolar disorder in children can cause mood swings from the highs of hyperactivity or euphoria mania to the lows of serious depression. Emotional upheaval and unruly behaviors are a normal part of childhood and the teen years, and in most cases they aren't a what color is oxblood leather of a mental health problem whag requires treatment.
All kids have rough periods — it's normal to feel down, irritable, angry, hyperactive or rebellious at times. However, if your child's symptoms are severe, ongoing or causing significant problems, it may be more than just a phase. Children with bipolar disorder experience symptoms in distinct episodes.
Between these episodes, children return to their usual behavior and mood. Diagnosis can be challenging because these and other mental health conditions often occur along with bipolar disorder. If your child has serious mood swings, depression or behavior problems, consult a mental health provider who specializes in working with children and teens.
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Most of what I've read says bipolar disorder develops in adults. Answer From Daniel K. With Daniel K. Show references Post RM, et al. Age of onset of bipolar disorder: Combined effect of childhood adversity and familial loading of psychiatric disorders. Journal of Psychiatric Research. Post RM, et al. Verbal abuse, like physical and sexual abuse, ate childhood is associated with an earlier onset and geg difficult course of bipolar disorder.
Bipolar Disorders. Connor DF, et al. Characteristics of children with juvenile bipolar disorder or disruptive behavior disorders and negative mood: Can they be distinguished in the clinical setting?
Annals of Clinical Psychiatry. Bipolar disorder in children and teens. National Institute of Mental Health.
Accessed Dec. Cosgrove VE, et al. Bipolar disorder in pediatric populations: Epidemiology and management. Pediatric Drugs.
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What causes bipolar disorder?
Nov 28, · A report stated that nearly 25 percent of people with bipolar disorder are at least 60 years old. Most research considers bipolar disorder that begins at 50 years old or later to be funslovestory.com: Natalie Silver.
Does your child go through extreme changes in mood and behavior? Does your child get much more excited or much more irritable than other kids? Do you notice that your child goes through cycles of extreme highs and lows more often than other children? Do these mood changes affect how your child acts at school or at home?
Some children and teens with these symptoms may have bipolar disorder , a brain disorder that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, activity levels, and day-to-day functioning. With treatment, children and teens with bipolar disorder can get better over time. Bipolar disorder is a mental disorder that causes people to experience noticeable, sometimes extreme, changes in mood and behavior. This is called a manic episode.
This is called a depressive episode. Bipolar disorder, which used to be called manic-depressive illness or manic depression, is not the same as the normal ups and downs every child goes through. The mood changes in bipolar disorder are more extreme, often unprovoked, and accompanied by changes in sleep, energy level, and the ability to think clearly. Bipolar symptoms can make it hard for young people to perform well in school or to get along with friends and family members.
Some children and teens with bipolar disorder may try to hurt themselves or attempt suicide. Most people are diagnosed with bipolar disorder in adolescence or adulthood, but the symptoms can appear earlier in childhood.
Bipolar disorder is often episodic, but it usually lasts a lifetime. Diagnosing bipolar disorder can be complicated and requires a careful and thorough evaluation by a trained, experienced mental health professional. With treatment, children and teens with bipolar disorder can manage their symptoms and lead successful lives.
The exact causes of bipolar disorder are unknown, but several factors may contribute to the illness. For example, researchers are beginning to uncover genetic mechanisms that are linked to bipolar disorder and other mental disorders.
However, just because one family member has bipolar disorder, it does not mean that other members of the family will have it. Many genes are involved in the disorder, and no single gene causes it. Research also suggests that adversity, trauma, and stressful life events may increase the chances of developing bipolar disorder in people with a genetic risk of having the illness.
Some research studies have found differences in brain structure and function between people who have bipolar disorder and those who do not. Researchers are studying the disorder to learn more about its causes and effective treatments. Mood episodes in bipolar disorder include intense emotions along with significant changes in sleep habits, activity levels, thoughts, or behaviors. A mixed episode has both manic and depressive symptoms. These mood episodes cause symptoms that often last for several days or weeks.
During an episode, the symptoms last every day for most of the day. Young people with bipolar disorder can have several problems at the same time. These include:. Sometimes extreme behaviors go along with mood episodes. During depressive episodes, some young people with bipolar disorder may think about running away from home or have thoughts of suicide. If you think your child is in crisis and needs immediate help, call The deaf and hard of hearing can contact the Lifeline via TTY at There are no blood tests or brain scans that can diagnose bipolar disorder.
Sometimes health care providers need to know about medical conditions in the family, such as depression or substance use.
Other disorders have symptoms like those of bipolar disorder, including ADHD, disruptive mood regulation disorder, oppositional defiant disorder, conduct disorder, and anxiety disorders. Children and teens can work with their health care provider to develop a treatment plan that will help them manage their symptoms and improve their quality of life. It is important to follow the treatment plan, even when your child is not currently experiencing a mood episode.
Steady, dependable treatment works better than treatment that starts and stops. Treatment is more effective when health care providers, parents, and young people work together. Treatment can take time, but sticking with the treatment plan can help young people manage their symptoms and reduce the likelihood of future episodes. This may make it easier to track the illness and see whether treatment is working.
Help begins with the right diagnosis and treatment. Talk to your family health care provider about any symptoms you notice. Caring for a child or teenager with bipolar disorder can be stressful for parents and families. It is important that caregivers take care of themselves, too. Find someone you can talk to or consult your health care provider about support groups.
Finding support and strategies for managing stress can help you and your child. You can learn more about getting help and finding a health care provider on the National Institute of Mental Health website. Hospital health care providers can help in an emergency.
If you know someone who might be thinking about hurting themselves or someone else, get help quickly. Clinical trials are research studies that look at new ways to prevent, detect, or treat diseases and conditions. Although individuals may benefit from being part of a clinical trial, participants should be aware that the primary purpose of a clinical trial is to gain new scientific knowledge so that others may be better helped in the future.
Researchers at NIMH and around the country conduct clinical trials with patients and healthy volunteers. Talk to your health care provider about clinical trials, their benefits and risks, and whether one is right for you. This publication is in the public domain and may be reproduced or copied without permission from NIMH.
Citation of NIMH as a source is appreciated. Hours: a. Eastern time, M-F. Live Online Chat: Talk to a representative Email: nimhinfo nih. Skip to content. Mental Health Information. Get Involved. About Us. What is bipolar disorder? What causes bipolar disorder? What are the symptoms of bipolar disorder? Can children and teens with bipolar disorder have other problems? How is bipolar disorder diagnosed?
How is bipolar disorder treated? What can children and teens expect from treatment? How can I help my child or teen? How does bipolar disorder affect caregivers and families? Where do I go for help? I know someone who is in crisis. What do I do? What should I know about clinical trials? Reprints For More Information. Bipolar Disorder in Children and Teens.