A French braid may appear complicated–especially if you're attempting hairstyles like a side French braid or a French braid bun–but this video shows the look is nearly effortless to pull off and makes a great quick fix for a bad hair day. Follow these simple steps for easy braiding, and soon enough you'll be the one teaching others how to. Braid is a puzzle-platform video game developed by Number None and considered an indie funslovestory.com game was originally released in August for the Xbox 's Xbox Live Arcade service. Ports were developed and released for Microsoft Windows in April , Mac OS X in May , PlayStation 3 in November , and Linux in December Jonathan Blow designed the game as a personal .
Hiw hairor kinky hair is the natural hair texture of certain populations in Africa and the African diaspora. Despite its name, this hair texture is also found in some parts of Oceania and Southeast Asia.
Each strand of this hair type grows in a tiny, angle-like haie shape. The overall effect is such that, compared to straightwavy or curly hair,  afro-textured hair appears denser. English adjectives such as "woolly", "kinky",or t have been used [ year needed ] to describe natural afro-textured hair. Jean Baptiste Bory de Saint-Vincent in introduced the scientific term Oulotrichi for the purpose of human taxonomy.
Inhairstylist Andre Walker created a numerical grading system for human hair types. Those variations include pattern mainly tight coilspattern size watch spring to chalkdensity sparse to densestrand diameter fine, medium, hhairand feel cottony, woolly, spongy.
The chart below hoa the most commonly used chart to help determine hair types: . Different genetic groups have observable differences in the structure, density, and growth rate of hair. With regard to structure, all human hair has the same basic chemical composition in terms of keratin protein content. Franbourg et al. Specifically, the average density of afro-textured hair was found to be approximately hairs per square centimeter.
This was significantly lower than that of Caucasian hair, which, on average, has approximately hairs per square centimeter. Loussourarn found that afro-textured hir grows at an average rate of approximately micrometers per day, whereas Caucasian-textured straight hair grows at approximately micrometers per day.
The more coiled haiir hair texture, the higher its shrinkage. An individual hair's shape is never completely circular. The cross-section of videi hair is an ellipsewhich can tend towards a circle or be distinctly flattened. East Asiatic heads of straight hair are formed from almost-round hair follicles producing straight hair, and Caucasian hair follicle forms oval shapes which produce wavy hair. Afro-textured hair has a flattened cross-section and is finer, and its ringlets can form tight circles with diameters of only a few millimeters.
In humans worldwide, East Asiatic-textured hair is the most common, whereas kinky hair is the least common. This is because the former hair texture is typical of the yo populations inhabiting the Far East as well as the indigenous peoples of the Americas.
Robbins oof that hir hair may have initially evolved tp of an adaptive need amongst humans' early hominid ancestors for protection against the intense UV radiation of the sun in Africa. According to Robbinsafro-textured hair may have been adaptive for the earliest modern humans in Africa because the relatively sparse density of such hair, combined with its elastic helix shape, results in an airy effect. The resulting how to assemble a high hat symbol circulation of cool videi onto the scalp may have thus served to facilitate the body-temperature-regulation system of hominids while they lived on the open savannah.
Instead of sticking to the neck and scalp when damp as do straighter texturesunless completely drenched it tends to retain its basic springiness. In rare cases, kinky hair may also vidwo found in populations living under temperate climate conditions, such as indigenous Tasmanians. Historically, many cultures in continental Africa developed hairstyles that defined status [ citation brai ]or identity [ citation needed ]in regards to age [ citation needed ]ethnicity [ citation needed ]wealth [ citation needed ]social rank [ citation needed ]marital status [ citation needed ]religion [ citation needed ]fertility [ citation needed ]adulthood [ citation needed ]and death nraid citation needed ].
Hair was carefully groomed by those who understood the aesthetic standard [ citation needed ]as the social implications of hair grooming were a significant part of community life [ citation needed ]. Dense, thick, clean, and neatly groomed hair was something highly admired and sought after [ citation braiid ]. Hair groomers possessed unique styling skills, vidso them to create a variety of designs that met the local cultural standards [ citation needed ].
Hair was usually dressed according to local culture [ citation needed ]. In many traditional cultures, communal grooming was a social event when a woman could socialize and strengthen bonds between herself, other women and their families [ nraid needed off. Historically, hair braiding was not a paid trade [ citation needed ]. Since the African diasporain the 20th and 21st centuries it has developed as a multimillion-dollar business in such regions as the United States, South Fideo and western Europe [ citation needed ].
An individual's hair groomer was usually someone whom they knew closely [ citation needed ]. Sessions can include shampooing, oiling, combing, braiding and braod, plus adding accessories. For shampooing, black soap was widely used in nations in West and Central Africa [ citation needed ]. Additionally, palm oil vkdeo palm kernel oil were popularly used for oiling the scalp [ citation needed ]. Shea butter has traditionally been used to moisturize and dress the hair [ citation needed ]. Fijian chieftain Tui Namosi with natural kinky by trade what occupation did benjamin franklin hold worn in an " Afro ", circa Damara boy from Namibia Fang man from Gabon with asymmetrically styled hair c.
Himba girl with afro-textured hair styled with otjize paste. Nuba woman in Sudan hzir micro-braided hair, Diasporic Africans in the Americas have experimented with ways to style their hair since their arrival in the Western Hemisphere well before the 19th century. During what happened to watch movies approximately years of the Trans-Atlantic slave tradewhich extracted over 20 million people from West and Central Africa, their beauty ideals have undergone numerous changes.
Africans captured as slaves no longer had the sort of resources to practice hair grooming that they had had when home. The enslaved Africans adapted as best they could under the circumstances, finding sheep-fleece carding tools particularly useful for detangling their hair. They suffered from scalp diseases and brajd due to their living conditions. Enslaved people used varying remedies for disinfecting and cleansing their scalps, such as applying kerosene or cornmeal directly on the scalp with a cloth as they carefully parted the hair.
Enslaved field hands often shaved their hair and wore hats to protect their scalps against the sun. House slaves had to appear tidy and well-groomed. The men sometimes wore wigs mimicking their masters', or similar hairstyles, while the brid typically plaited or braided their hair. During the 19th century, hair styling, especially among women, became more popular. Cooking grease such as lardbutter and goose greasewere used to moisturize the hair.
Women sometimes used hot butterknives to curl their hair. Because of the then-prevalent notion that straight hair which, unlike kinky hair, is common in people of European origin was more acceptable than kinky hair, many black people began exploring solutions for straighteningor relaxing, their tresses.
One post-slavery solution was a mixture of lyeegg and potato, which burned the scalp upon contact. At this time, an African-American person's "ability to conform to mainstream standards of beauty [was] tied to being successful.
The pressing comb and chemical straighteners became stigmatized within the community as symbols of oppression and imposed White beauty ideals.
Certain Black people sought to embrace beauty and affirm and accept their natural physical traits. One of the ultimate goals of the Black movement was to evolve to a level where Black people "were proud of black skin and kinky or nappy hair. As a result, natural hair became a symbol of that pride. Wearing natural hair was seen as a progressive statement, and for all the support that the movement gathered, there were many who opposed natural hair both for its aesthetics and the ideology that it promoted.
It caused tensions between the Black and White communities, as well as discomfort amongst more conservative African-Americans. The style of kinky hair continues to be politicized in contemporary American society.
In several post-colonial societies, the value system promotes ' white bias ', and "ethnicities are valorized according to the tilt of whiteness—[which] functions as the ideological basis for status ascription. Racism 'works' by encouraging the devaluation of how to call in to work by the victims themselves, and that re-centering of a sense of pride is a prerequisite for a politics of resistance and reconstruction.
In this system, hos functions as a key 'ethnic signifier' because, compared with bodily shape or facial features, it can be changed ot easily by cultural practices such as straightening.
Natural hairstyles, such as the Afro and dreadlocks"counter-politicized the signifier brakd ethnic devalorization, redefining Blackness as a positive attribute". Wearing one's hair naturally also opens up a new debate: Are those who decide to still wear their hair straightened, for example, less 'Black' or 'proud' of their heritage, than those who decide to wear their hair naturally? This how to cut a bowl cut is an often-ongoing topic of discussion within the community.
The issue is highly debated and disputed, too almost kenneth patchen what is the beautiful social divide within the community between those who decide to be natural and those who do not. After the American Civil War and emancipationmany African-Americans migrated to tp towns or cities, where they were influenced by new tto. The photos below show 19th-century women leaders with a variety of styles with natural hair.
Others straightened their hair to conform to White beauty ideals. They wanted to succeed, and to avoid mistreatment including legal and social discrimination. Some women, and a smaller number of men, lightened their hair hhow household bleach. A variety of caustic products that contained bleaches, including laundry bleach, designed to be applied to afro-textured hair, were developed in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, bideo African Americans demanded more fashion options.
They used creams and lotions, combined with vjdeo irons, to straighten their hair. The Black hair care industry was initially dominated by White-owned businesses. WalkerMadam Gold S. Young, Sara Spencer Washington and Garrett Augustus Morgan revolutionized hair care by inventing and marketing chemical and heat-based applications to alter the natural tightly curled texture. They rapidly became successful and dominated the Black hair care market.
Men began using pomades, among other products, to achieve the standard aesthetic look. During the s, conking vividly described in The Autobiography of Malcolm X became an innovative method in the U. Women at that time tended either to wear wigs, or to hot-comb their hair rather than conk it in order to temporarily mimic a straight style without permanently altering the natural curl pattern. Popular until the s, the conk hair style what does windows error recovery mean achieved through the application of a hiw lyeegg and potato mixture that was toxic and immediately burned the scalp.
Black-owned businesses in the hair-care industry provided jobs for thousands of African-Americans. These business owners gave back strongly to the African-American community. These offered permanents and hair-straighteningas well as cutting and styling services, some to both White and Black clients. In this era, men regularly went to barber shops to have their beards baid, and some Yow barbers developed exclusively White, elite clientele, sometimes in association with hotels or clubs.
Media images tended to perpetuate the ideals of European beauty of the how to get to koh yao yai from phuket culture, even when featuring African-Americans. African-Americans began sponsoring their own beauty videk.
The winners, many of whom braod straight hair styles and some of whom were of mixed raceadorned Black magazines and product advertisements. In the early 20th how to get to menorca, media portrayal of traditional African hair styles, such as braids and cornrows, was associated with African-Americans who were poor and lived in rural areas.
In the early decades of the Great Migrationwhen millions of African Americans left the South for opportunities in northern and midwestern industrial cities, many African Americans wanted to leave this rural association behind. Civil rights activist and suffragist Ida B.
Prep Your Hair for Braiding
How to braid hair. 1. Start by brushing the hair and making sure it's completely free of tangles. It can be wet or dry. If you choose to, spritz the hair with some of your texture spray or flyaway-taming spray. You can also add a nickel-sized dollop of gel to the hair for a sleeker look. 2. Divide hair into three equal sections at the nape of. Nov 17, · Braid your remaining hair. You will use a traditional braid once all the hair down to the nape of your neck is incorporated into the three sections you started with. When you have no more hair to braid, tie the end with a hair tie. If you have long hair, you will need to bring your braid over your shoulder to complete it. Try variations of this. Jul 12, · Choose your braid hair in a color similar to your own, and get at least 2 large packages. The longer and thicker you want your braids to be, the more packages of braid hair you will need. If you want shorter braids, use fewer packages and cut the braid hair into halves or thirds.
Last Updated: July 12, References. This article was co-authored by Ndeye Anta Niang. Ndeye has over 20 years of experience in African hair including braiding box braids, Senegalese twists, crochet braids, faux dread locs, goddess locs, kinky twists, and lakhass braids.
Ndeye was the first female of her tribe in Africa to move to America and is now sharing her knowledge of African braids passed on from generation to generation. There are 9 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. This article has been viewed , times. Because of its natural thickness and fullness, braiding African-American hair can be a challenge, but it's possible with a little help. Rope braids and cornrows are beautiful, classic styles that you can do without going to a salon.
Be gentle with your hair, and take your time! The results will be well worth it. To braid African American hair, wash your hair as you normally would and apply a deep conditioner. Detangle your hair gently with a wide tooth comb, then let it air dry or blow dry it until it's lightly damp.
You can then experiment with popular protective braids like cornrows, or if you want to incorporate synthetic hair into your look, consider box braids. For a less time-consuming option, give two-strand twist braids a try! For tips on sectioning your hair and perfecting your braids, read on!
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Leave the conditioner on your hair for the amount of time recommended on the bottle, then rinse it out with cool water. To minimize dryness and frizz, use a gentle, sulfate-free shampoo.
Detangle your hair. For even gentler detangling, use your fingers to tease out any knots and tangles. Blow-dry your hair to relax and defrizz your curls. Blow-drying your hair will help stretch and relax the curls, reducing frizz and making the hair easier to manage during the braiding process. Prepare your packages of braiding hair. Take each chunk of hair out of the packages individually, and hold them in the center, cutting off the elastic bands holding it together.
With a grip on the center and the 2 tail ends of the hair hanging down, begin pulling the strands on 1 side of the hair. Choose your braid hair in a color similar to your own, and get at least 2 large packages. The longer and thicker you want your braids to be, the more packages of braid hair you will need. If you want shorter braids, use fewer packages and cut the braid hair into halves or thirds.
Get a strand of braiding-hair ready for braiding. Section off your first piece of braiding hair into a strand that is about 2—3 inches 5.
You should be holding 2 sections with 1 that is twice as thick as the other. Take the smaller strand and grab it at the center where it is intertwined with the first strand. Carefully twist the strand over and under, so that the 2 tail ends form a single piece that sticks out between the original tail strands. You should be left with 3 strands of approximately equal size, which you can hold in 1 hand. Section off your hair on your scalp for braiding.
Use a rat-tooth comb to carefully section a small piece of hair on your scalp, approximately 1-inch by 1-inch 2. It will probably be easiest to start on 1 side of your head near your hairline and work your way back, but you can start wherever you are comfortable.
Use a bit of hair gel or edge control product to prepare this section, making it easier to manipulate. Start your first braid. Hold your braiding hair in your hand so that 1 strand is between your thumb and index finger, a second strand is between your index and middle finger, and the third strand is hanging behind the first 2.
Grab the section of hair closest to your scalp with your thumb and index finger, as close to the roots as possible. To start the braid: Reach your empty hand around your head and grab the third strand of braiding hair hanging behind the ones gripped in your hand. Simultaneously pull the 3rd strand of hair under and incorporate the hair from your scalp into the section between your thumb and index finger, and twist it over in the opposite direction. Pull the third loose section of hair into the middle, between the other 2 sections.
You should now have 3 separate strands of hair that are held tight to your scalp, with your natural hair incorporated into 1 of the sections. Braid your section of hair. With your braiding hair as close to your scalp as possible, begin braiding tightly in the traditional pattern. Alternate placing the left-most strand over the middle section, and then the right-most strand over the middle section.
When you reach the end of your braid, the strands should taper out into a smaller and smaller braid. Braid additional sections of hair. Repeat the same steps as aforementioned to braid the rest of your head: Section a 1-inch by 1-inch 2.
Prepare your braiding hair and part it into 3 strands. Use the twisting method to combine your natural hair into your braiding hair. Complete the braid using a regular 3-strand method until you reach the ends. Perfect each braid. As you braid, it is important to take the time to make sure they are all smooth, flexible, and even. You may have to re-braid the same strand multiple times in order to get it just right.
If your braid is uneven, you may have started with sections of differing thickness. Method 2 of Wash your hair with your regular shampoo, and then use a deep conditioner to soften it. Decide where your part will be. Cornrows can be braided in any direction, so it is important that you decide where your part will be before you start braiding.
The 2 most common part styles are either in rows from your hairline straight back to the nape of your neck, or braided in a circular motion around your head from a center part. Section your hair. Fill a spray bottle with water and a little bit of olive oil and shake it well.
Then, spray down the section of hair you are working with. Use your comb to separate off this section of hair in a row down your head. The smaller the part, the smaller the braid; the larger the part, the larger the braid. Use butterfly clips to hold your remaining hair in place out of your face. Begin your first cornrow. Take the sectioned part of hair in 1 hand and pull a small piece from the very top near your hairline away from the rest of the bunch. Separate this small piece of hair into 3 sections of equal size.
Start braiding these 3 pieces in the traditional braiding pattern: cross the right-most section over the middle section, then cross the left-most section over the middle section, back and forth. Add in more hair to your cornrow. The cornrows are created by braiding your sectioned hair in a French braid really close to your head. As you work down your parted section of hair, continue your braid the same way you started it.
However, as you braid, grab small portions of hair from the un-braided part and incorporate them into each strand you cross over the middle section. You are essentially creating a very tiny french braid. As you add in hair, pull the braid tight and keep your fingers close to your head. Finish your cornrow.