African musical instruments
MARACAS (RECYCLED MATERIALS) Maracas are one of the simplest instruments to play for young children or the beginning musician. They are essentially rattles with handles. Find out how to make maracas out of bottles and toilet paper rolls. From: Daria Marmaluk-Hajioannou. Oct 27, · See how to make musical instruments with recycled materials These DIY Musical Instruments for Kids aren’t just fun to make and play, they’re also a learning opportunity. Kids can learn about how ancient people made instruments with what they found in nature, and about how different cultures have different kinds of music.
Musical instruments in Africa are not only used for making music, they are also used to communicate to both man and spirit, translating and emitting daily experiences and events.
They serve a variety of roles: some may be confined to religious or ceremonial occasions, others are used in a more matsrials fashion for entertainment. There may be restrictions to the age, gender or social status of the player.
The instruments range in size and complexity from hand-held objects to large, elaborate devices constructed of many parts and, even today, they are mostly crafted from natural materials using age-old methods.
Most widely spread and played instruments in Africa are the drum, the xylophone, the mbira, rattles and shakers. The one-string musical bow, played all over the continent but now nearly abandoned, instrumentss once responsible for all the vocal scales that are used today in African music.
Historical influences and migratory movement of peoples have defined both the style of music and the type of instruments played in the various regions. Most notable is the influence of Islamic and Arabic musical traditions into the northern and western African countries. There are 4 main categories of instruments plus percussion:. Idiophones activated and self-sounding, resonant solids are divided into:. One of the oldest is the Gankogui, a bell instrument played by the Ewe people of Ghana.
Made from forged iron, the double ercycled is gonged with a wooden mxke to make a deep resonating sound, the basic skeleton of all orchestral music played in Togo, Ghana and Benin. Bells and rattles have ritual or ceremonial functions as well as just for fun and play. Rattles and shakers are widely placed all over Africa and exist in a huge variety of shapes, sizes and materials, both natural and man-made Shakers or shekeres are filled with anything from dried seeds to maize kernels to fine pebbles and stones.
They are primarily made from dried vine gourds. There are primary and secondary innstruments. Primary are reccled held and secondary are worn on various parts off the body like wrists, ankles and are activated by the performers.
They can also be strapped to their instruments to make extra sounds or act as modifiers. Insrruments - also called linguaphones and thumb piano include:. Sounds are generated by plucking flexible, tuned tongues of metal, wood, cane or other material attached at one end to a small board or mounted on a resonator such as a box, gourd or tin and plucked with the thumbs or fingers. Simple manual mbiras have keys but they can go up to 36 keys. These instruments are muwical played by men and boys but increasingly so by females.
The Mbira Dzavadzimu "voice of the ancestors' has more than one layer of 'tongues'. A typical one consists of between 22 and 28 keys constructed from metal and affixed to a hardwood soundboard in 3 different registers, 2 on the left and 1 on the right. Kangobela is a unique form of music played in the Binga district of Zimbabwe. It is played with an instrument akin to the mbira but with lesser keys in its notes. A kalimba is a South African version of a mbira that is tuned into a western scale but historically it was the name given by the NW tribes of Zimbabwe.
Xylophones include:. Xylophones are generally a box shape with keys mounted over a wooden frame and gourd resonators suspended underneath. The frame can be low to the ground or mounted on legs. The gourds are graduated in size in relation to the pitch required of how to make musical instruments from recycled materials wooden slabs. Some xylophones like the Amadinda do not have resonators. Its year old how to contact t i the rapper is being kept and preserved by the Kouyate family in a village in Guinea, rectcled the Mande people of their glorious past.
With 14 wooden slats it is played by just about every male in the community to some degree of competence. However the main musician will spend a lifetime composing and perfecting his play before he is considered worthwhile of addressing the ancestral spirits.
Chordophones stringed instruments include. Musical bows are mostly played in Southern Africa and include earth bows flexible pole in ground, bent with string attachedmouth bows the mouth helps the amplification when struck and resonator bows like the one above which has a calabash resonator. Sounds are made by bowing, plucking and striking the string. Traditional koras have 21 strings, 11 played by the left hand and 10 from the right.
This instrument is played upright with the strings facing towards the player. The number of tunable strings on harps vary from 3 or 4 strings such as found on the Bolon or Molo to 7 or 8 strings attached to a notched bridge such as on the Kamel Ngoni.
Some of the sounds are similar to instrumenta banjo, others to a classical guitar and still others to a harp. They can be listened to as a solo performance or part of a group with flutes and drums. Harps or kundi are one of the main stringed instruments in Africa and these days they are mostly found south of the Sahara.
They are quiet instruments that usually accompany a singer or poet in storytelling but they are how to terminate property management agreement used as part of another process They have all but disappeared as a practicing instrument from some cultures such as the Mangbetu but are still honoured as art pieces for their detailed and intricate carving the figureheads often depicting insturments.
Aerophones wind instruments include. Aerophones; any class of musical instruments in which a vibrating mass of air produces the initial sound including bull roarers and sirens. They are found in many countries throughout Africa and are normally incorporated with dancing, fecycled musicians having to synchronize their footwork along with playing their notes!
Whistles are made from reeds or, these days, metal tubing while flutes are produced from indigenous bamboo or cane. In countries like Chad, Burkina Faso, Sudan, Uganda and the DRC co-operative ensembles of over men flute players are sometimes formed for special occasions.
Each flutist has just one note to play; this allows for strong, community performances; each player dependent upon the other for the end result. Horns are generally made from cow horn, ivory or wild instruemnts horn like kudu They are side-blown in impressive one note blasts and are used to convey messages, to announce arrivals or proceedings as well as just for musical events. These skin covered instruments form the beat and heart of African how to prepare gavvalu sweet. They generally come in 3 forms - hourglass, goblet and kettle.
For detailed info on membranophones follow this link - African drums. Voice and body instrument includes:. Percussion is integral to African dance and spiritual music. Multiple layers of interlocking rhythmic patterns ensure a vibrant and dynamic performance. The combination of voice and insrruments is essential and always accompanied by swaying, clapping and dancing.
Singing is a major component of musical expression: Solo, choral, monophonic, polyphonic. Ululating is a long, tremulous and wavering high-pitched sound that is achieved by moving the tongue rapidly from left to right repetitively. It is commonly used in celebrations. A xylophone can be played solo or in ensembles like the Chopi tribe in Mozambique who use up to 30 instruments in their spectacular and complex timbila orchestras. All members and generations of the family and community play together but, sadly, it is becoming an outmoded form of musical expression.
Marimbas are modern xylophones often tuned in western style scale. They come in 3 pitches; bass tenor, soprano and piccolo. They are taught in schools throughout Africa and both genders play them with up to standing musicians hammering it out in joyous and exuberant displays.
African musical instruments also serve as works of art, carved into surprising shapes, covered with patterns and decorated with beads, feathers, paint or cloth. Sometimes figures are sculpted into the instrument as spiritual tokens empowering the musician to filter the godly or ancestral messages. Great significance of detail is encountered such as carefully stitched hide covering the sound box or figureheads deeply etched and incised showing specifics like hairstyles and earrings.
These pieces have been crafted with immense skill and precision, the aesthetics being as jake and sometimes if not more than their musical application. Modern African music includes music based on tradition, rexycled fusing Eastern and Western styles and instruments world music and music that is very progressive; embracing technology and the very latest of sounds and beats.
Instruments continue to be made and produced in many African countries for the commercial market These flutes are made from a woody riverbank vine in Guinea, West Africa. They are termed a transverse 3-holed flute or tambin or fula From a fun point of view you will also find many recycled and hand made instruments which bare testament to how important music is to local communities and to how creative and ingenious the people are!
There are many, many prominent contemporary African musicians whose mastery of African instrumental music is lauded and appreciated both what is another name for osteoarthritis and off the Continent.
Victor Gama, Angolan born and a composer, performer and hiw of innovative contemporary music and musical instruments he is intent on changing the face of African music. He is also an electronics engineer and creates new sounds and new music in a rigorous way. His exhibition performance called "Instrumentos" at the Royal Albert hall in London featured beautifully designed instruments that were highly technical as well. He has performed with groups like Kronos Quartet after a 5 year collaboration with them.
Modern styles materiaks been formulated in Africa after Western influences first filtered through in the 's. By the early 's a percussive style called Juju had evolved; a dense blend of electric guitars and percussion instruments.
By the 's, African artists like Thomas Mapfumo in Zimbabwe, had moved from playing their traditional style music in this case, mbira on the guitar to challenging his guitarists to rather accommodate themselves to the mbiras. Contemporary musicians on the continent have embraced both worlds, entering into collaborations with Westerners who themselves have embraced African style music.
The outcome is dynamic and invigorating. Some of these established musicians and performers are listed below:. What size is a standard window in a house Masike is a musician who resides in Harare, Zimbabwe and essentially plays the mbira but she also plays a number of percussion instruments and has a soulful and sultry voice.
Her music is a blend of Mbira, Jazz and Afropop. Her highly charged performances incorporate dance while her personal presentation is elegantly individual and contemporary in approach, conquering with ease too male dominated environment traditionally in Zimbabwe females do not play the mbira. She has been on a number of tours to Europe with her band and has had live collaborations with a number of renowned musicians, most notably with Salif Keita in Harare in You can do so right here and now by building a web page of your own within this web site.
Click here and you'll be 'live' in minutes. Do you want to publish your gallery and exhibit your work globally? A city that is still to this day haunted by apartheid spatial planning and has. Ancient Boma specializes in African Art adorned furniture, accessories and paintings.
These homemade instruments and noisemakers are for the most part quick and easy to make and based on simple recycled materials. Kids can make a fantastic kitchen band of their own, or perhaps use them to ring in the New Year with style? "Do-Re-Mi" Xylophone If you've got a serious hankering for DIY projects, this adorable xylophone that kids can play along to "Do-Re-Mi" from The Sound of Music, fits the funslovestory.com Lovely Indeed, you'll need to make a trek to the home-improvement store for all the materials, but the chic design and good sound quality means you'll want to keep it out instead of stashing it away somewhere. Homemade Musical Instruments: Shakers and Maracas February 24, By Sara Mullett 20 Comments Making homemade musical instruments is such a fun activity, kids love getting involved with decorating them and then are so delighted to use them afterwards to make some music.
These homemade instruments and noisemakers are for the most part quick and easy to make and based on simple recycled materials. Kids can make a fantastic kitchen band of their own, or perhaps use them to ring in the New Year with style?
A popular old-fashioned noise-making toy, the Chinese drum rattle is twisted in the hand so that the beads bounce of it and make a noise. With practise you can get a good rhythm going! Here's one the kids can make themselves.. These homemade cymbals are perfect for younger kids to make and play in their own kitchen band! Great for New Year too. This homemade Rainmaker is a fun way to make lots of noise at a celebration such as New Year's Eve or a birthday - or just for a kitchen band!
This homemade trumpet will allow the children to "toot" very noisily whenever a loud noise is required! Great for New Year's Eve parties, birthdays and kitchen bands! Kwanzaa is often celebrated with traditional African music, with the rhythm provided by African drums.
Here is a craft idea for making your own. Children will have fun designing and then decorating their own didgeridoo in bright colours. The final touch is added with small sticky dots! No Mardi Gras parade could be complete without a marching drum! Here is how your children can make their own.
These Mardi Gras cup shakers are fun to make and produce a satisfyingly loud noise for your Mardi Gras parade! To make these Mardi Gras shakers you will need to raid the junk cupboard for supplies.
Kids can use them in a very noisy Mardi Gras parade! Here's a quick way for kids to make a paper plate castanet - perfect for celebrations such as New Year's Eve or birthdays or for a kitchen band! The children will enjoy making these rainbow castanets for St Patrick's Day - remember there's a pot of gold at the end of every rainbow! These rainbow shakers are fun for younger kids to make - with the added advantage that they can play with them later, too!
Great for St Patrick's Day, a rainbow theme, or any time when things need brightening up. Nature Crafts. Become a Member to access 37, printables! Skip to main content.
You will need:. This homemade shaker is quick and fun to make and satisfyingly noisy for younger kids! Here is another way for your children to make some noise this Mardi Gras!