Table Tennis Techniques - Spin
Jul 30, · How You Learned To Hit Topspin And Why It Works Only On Slow Incoming Balls. When you first learned to hit topspin forehand (and backhand), you realized that, in order to apply topspin to the ball, you need to move the racket vertically up and brush the ball on the back side. The friction between the strings and the ball makes the ball rotate. The second serve is usually more conservative to avoid getting a double fault, and is typically hit with less power or a higher curve. Second serves often have more topspin and kick on the ball. Stances. There are two popular stances in the tennis serve: the platform stance and the pinpoint stance.
Spin: The hidden side of table tennis Discover how to impart spin and return spin shots. By Martin Hughes Owner and Editor. In the early days of table tennis s to s most players used a traditional " hardbat " which consisted of pimpled rubber, without sponge, on a wooden blade. But after the introduction of sponge in the s it became possible to impart much more spin onto the ball - and that started a major change to the what time and channel does joel osteen come on that table tennis is played today.
The use of spin is now THE most dominant factor in the sport of table tennis - yet it remains largely hidden from view for casual spectators of the game. But for any player who wants to improve their game, being able to impart spin and play against spin is one of the most important table tennis techniques you'll need to master.
So let's take a look at how spin is imparted onto the ball, what effect it has on the ball and how to counteract spin strokes.
Being able to play and return spin shots is an advanced technique, so before you learn these techniques it's important that you master the basics of table tennis first, such as the table tennis gripthe four basic table tennis strokes and the basic table tennis serve. When you've mastered the basics, you'll then be ready to move on to this more advanced level of table tennis. The modern game is dominated by players who use an aggressive attacking, offensive style of play and they can impart a lot of spin onto the ball, so dealing with your opponent's strokes can be very difficult.
The speed at which the ball approaches you may not allow you sufficient time to know how much spin is on the ball, but with practice you'll become better at determining the type and quantity of spin by watching your opponent's racket movement, the flight of the ball and the logo on the ball.
Using reverse rubbers will also help you to impart spin onto the ball, whereas using pimpled or anti-spin rubbers will hinder you. Generally, for most strokes played, the ball is struck with either topspin or backspin - although sidespin may also be added.
So let's take a look at each of these table tennis techniques in turn and see how to impart spin onto the ball Topspin is produced by starting your stroke below how many immigrants come to canada ball and brushing your racket tangentially against the ball at or above its equator in an upward and forward motion.
You can impart more topspin onto the ball if you use - a fast stroke action; a tangentially brushing action of your rubber on the ball above the equator; a reverse rubber with good friction properties i. Backspin is produced by starting your stroke above the ball and brushing your racket tangentially against the ball at or below its equator in a downward and forward motion. You can impart more backspin onto the ball if you use a fast stroke action and a tangentially brushing action of your rubber on the ball below the equator.
Sidespin is produced by brushing your racket tangentially against the ball in a sideways motion. Depending on whether your racket moves to the left or to the right, you'll impart different sidespin. When you move your racket to the left, you'll impart left sidespin and cause the ball to turn to the right. When you move your racket to the right, you'll impart right sidespin and cause the ball to turn to the left.
You can impart more sidespin onto the ball if you use a fast stroke action and a tangentially brushing action of your rubber on the ball. However, sidespin is often imparted in addition to topspin OR backspin. When you impart topspin onto the ball, the forward spin increases the downward pressure on the ball, so that after it bounces on the table it will stay low and accelerate forwards.
When a topspin stroke makes contact with your opponent's racket, the topspin will cause it to rebound in an upward direction. When you impart backspin onto the ball, the backspin decreases the downward pressure on the ball, so that after it bounces on the table it will rise up more and not go as far forwards.
When a backspin stroke makes contact with your opponent's racket, the backspin will cause it to rebound in an downward direction. When you impart left sidespin onto the ball, by brushing on the left hand side of the ball, it will cause it to go to the right.
When a left sidespin stroke makes contact with your opponent's racket, the left sidespin will cause it to rebound to their right. When you impart right sidespin onto the ball, by brushing on the right hand side of the ball, it will cause it to go to the left.
When a right sidespin stroke makes contact with your opponent's racket, the right sidespin will cause it to rebound to their left. Well, experience certainly helps. You'll find that the more you play, the better you'll become at reading spin, but there are a few general principles that you can use too.
The first thing to do is to watch your opponent's racket angle before and during the time it strikes the ball. Watching the contact point of the racket on the ball is the best way to observe what spin is on the ball.
The angle of the racket will indicate whether it is likely to be backspin, topspin, side-spin or no spin. And with side-spin, the direction of the racket movement before it strikes the ball will indicate whether it has left how to make diamonds from coal in minecraft right side-spin.
However, all of these visual clues will only give you a general guide because the better players will be able to disguise and vary the spin using similar stroke actions. Top players therefore also read the spin by watching the flight of the ball and how it bounces off the table.
Topspin strokes will keep low, backspin strokes will bounce slightly higher, whilst sidespin strokes will often move to the how to make gold off the auction house or to the right. Additionally, on return of service or for shots played short over the net, they watch the logo on the ball as it bounces on the table. If the logo is visible, the ball probably has no spin or minimal spin, whereas if you cannot see it clearly, it probably has excessive spin.
So let's take a look at how to counteract the spin that your opponent imparts onto the ball. Topspin strokes are created when your opponent's racket brushes against the ball using an upward stroke action.
This causes the ball to accelerate and dip due to a combination of ball rotation and air resistance. After the ball makes contact with your racket, the topspin will cause it to rebound in an upward direction. Closed racket angle. So, to return a topspin stroke, you'll need to counteract this upward motion by using a closed racket angle and playing a Drive or a Loopor a Block.
Open racket how to fill out ngb form 34-1 to play a backspin chop. Alternatively, if you're a defensive style player, you can move away from the table and, using an open racket angle, play a defensive, chopping stroke.
Backspin strokes are created when your opponent's racket brushes against the ball using a downward stroke. This creates drag on the ball and slows the ball down as it travels through the air.
After the ball makes contact with your racket, the backspin will cause it to rebound in an downward direction. Open racket angle to play a Push. So, to return a backspin stroke, you'll need to counteract this downward motion by using an open racket angle and hitting underneath the ball, causing it to rise upwards eg.
Side-spin strokes are created when your opponent's racket brushes against the ball using a sideways stroke action, moving either left-to-right or right-to-left. This sideways stroke action creates either left side-spin or right side-spin which means that after the ball makes contact with your racket, the side-spin will cause the ball to go either to the left or to the right. There are many different side-spin stroke variations and I cannot possibly cover them all, but there are a few general principles that you can use to help you return side-spin strokes.
The main principle to remember is that to counteract side-spin strokes you need to watch the starting point of your opponent's racket and angle your racket and your return in the direction of that starting point. When your opponent's racket is moving from right to left for a right-hander that means moving from the forehand side to the backhand side, i. So, to counteract this left side-spin, you need to angle your racket towards their right hand what to pawn at a pawn shop the forehand side of your opponent - as shown in my diagram.
Conversely, when your opponent's racket is moving from left to right for a right-hander that means moving from the backhand side to the forehand side, i. So, to counteract this right side-spin, you need to angle your racket towards their left hand side the backhand side of your opponent - as shown in my diagram.
Of course, in reality there are many different subtle variations of side-spin, but these general principles will always need to be applied. If you're not sure how much side-spin is on the ball, or if you're not how to cook beef shank in pressure cooker whether it's left side-spin or right side-spin, always aim your return stroke towards the middle of the table. By doing that you are more likely to make a successful return.
The following exercises will improve your ability to impart spin onto the ball and to counteract spin:. When practising these exercises, try to ensure that the ball bounces as near to vertical as possible.
Also, ensure that your wrist action produces most of the movement necessary to produce the spin - and that you use a light touch. As you improve, it's important to develop a variety of strokes because basic spin will be easy for your opponents to read. Email address We respect your privacy. This site is built using Solo Build It!
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Have You Joined Yet? This meant that the game was predominantly about ball placement and control, rather than spin. Read my downloadable books for the best information. Spin is imparted onto the ball by using a tangential brushing action with your racket. And the faster your racket brushes against the ball, the more spin you'll impart onto it. So, improving your brushing action is crucial if you want to impart more spin onto the ball. Topspin Topspin is produced by starting your stroke below the ball and brushing your racket tangentially against the ball at or above its equator in an upward and forward motion.
Backspin Backspin is produced by starting your stroke above the ball and brushing your racket tangentially against the ball at or below its equator in a downward and forward motion.
Sidespin Sidespin is produced by brushing your racket tangentially against the ball in a sideways motion. Topspin When you impart topspin onto the ball, the forward spin increases the downward pressure on the ball, so that after it bounces on the table it will stay low and accelerate forwards. Backspin When you impart backspin onto the ball, the backspin decreases the downward pressure how to get the perfect blonde color the ball, so that after it bounces on the table it will rise up more and not go as far forwards.
Sidespin a. How this site is financed AllAboutTableTennis. Advertising Adverts appear automatically on my site, provided by third parties, and are not directly controlled by me. When you click on an advert, it's tracked to AATT and will generate a small payment to me. AATT cannot identify any user who clicks on an advert or affiliate link. For more information on how to play table tennis and improve your game, take a look at my other tips and techniques articles
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Nov 08, · Topspin in tennis refers to the forward rotation of the tennis ball. Where a slice shot will give the ball backspin or sidespin, topspin will propel the forward motion of the ball, causing it to bounce deeper and higher, while also raising the chance it will stay inside the lines. May 07, · Hit the ball with a short stroke for a short backspin serve. Backspin serves are best when your opponent is standing back from the table. They can add variety to a match that has contained lots of long, topspin serves. . Apr 26, · ABSTRACT. The kick serve in tennis is difficult to master since it is difficult to generate enough topspin for the ball to kick up sharply. Furthermore, the ball needs to be served at around mph (depending on the court surface — grass and clay being very different surfaces), and it needs to land well short of the service line in order to bounce to around shoulder height.
The tennis serve ball toss is easily the most underrated motion of the tennis serve that can either be an asset or wreak havoc on your game. Join our community of tennis players and participate in the conversation. Improve your game with premium instruction that provides you with step-by-step video training. Recieve our brief weekly recap of the 5 most interesting things we dig up in world of tennis. Hopefully, these reasons help convince you that developing an excellent tennis serve toss is a worthy investment of your time.
Joints enable a range of motion and allow your arm to move freely. If we stop to think about it for a moment, there are four primary parts to your arm where joints are present:.
If we allow all of our joints to move freely throughout the tossing motion, there are more moving parts, which increases our margin of error.
However, we can easily solve for this by eliminating the movement in our elbow, wrist, and fingers so that our shoulder can do the work. To practice, set your feet in the correct serve stance and then hold your tossing arm out in front of you roughly in-line with your front foot and your palm facing up.
Keep your elbow and wrist straight and practice moving your arm up and down with your shoulder. Be careful not to lock your elbow and your wrist by flexing your forearm or bicep because tension in your arm will make it challenging to achieve fluidity within your shoulder and for the rest of your body throughout the service motion. A common challenge for players with their tossing motion is that they think of it more like a swinging motion than a lifting motion.
The good news is that there is an easy fix for this. When performing your toss, visualize leading the tossing arm with our elbow. It can be helpful to imagine there is a string tied around your elbow that is lifting your arm from that spot. Leading with your elbow helps naturally transition your tossing arm from a swinging motion to a smooth lifting motion.
It also has another significant side effect of helping keep your elbow roughly straight and eliminating that joint from the movement. As with the rest of your tossing motion, the key is to limit movement, so that you can perform your toss consistently every time. I recommend using three or four fingers when holding the ball. Doing so should provide you with a secure enough grip but limits the number of touchpoints against the ball, helping eliminate unnecessary movement or contact during the release.
The image furthest to the left shows an example of holding a tennis ball too deep within your palm, which brings all your fingers into the mix and significantly increases the likelihood of an inaccurate toss. In the next photo to the right, the ball position is away from the palm, which is better, but your fingers are still heavily involved, which again increases the likelihood that your toss will go awry.
The final image on the right is ideal. The ball is held at your fingertips while still providing sufficient grip. I recommend that you hold the ball more like an egg so that you remove tension from your tossing arm, which allows you to release the ball quickly and toss more smoothly.
To practice, set your feet in the correct serve stance and then hold your tossing arm out in front of you roughly in-line with your front foot and the ball in your fingertips.
Lift your arm with your shoulder, leading with the elbow and then roughly when your hand reaches the top of your head, release the ball and open your hand completely. At first glance, the height of your toss may not seem like a big deal. However, your toss height does play a rather significant role in your ability to execute a quality serve.
How high should you toss a tennis ball for your serve? The answer is roughly feet above the maximum reach of your racquet. We all come in different shapes and sizes, which causes each of us to execute our service motion with a slightly different rhythm and tempo.
As a result, you need to find the height that allows you to time your serve while maintaining comfort throughout your motion effectively. Helpful Tip The higher your toss, the more likely it will be subject to the wind. A stiff breeze can throw off a perfectly executed toss, which is worth keeping in mind as you find the toss height that feels right for you.
Your ball toss for a flat serve should fall inside the court roughly inches in front of you and approximately 6 inches to the right of your tossing arms shoulder at the peak of the toss. You want the ball out in front of you so that you can push up and into the court during your motion, which will help you accelerate through your serve and generate power.
Keep in mind that the location of your toss should allow you to swing comfortably through your flat serve. Your toss for a slice serve should be placed roughly in the same location as your flat serve. However, the vast majority of the spin will result from the angle of your racquet when you contact the ball.
The placement of your toss for your slice serve will help you exaggerate the angle and therefore generate more spin. Helpful Tip: One of the benefits of having a toss that looks virtually identical for your flat and slice serve is that it makes it harder for your opponent to read where you intended to place your serve.
For example, if you exaggerate your slice serve toss location by placing it further to the right to generate even more slice, then you may be giving up the intended placement of your serve to your opponent. Using this toss and hitting a kick serve allows you to accelerate up and into the tennis ball so that you can generate maximum topspin. Topspin allows you to hit the ball aggressively while also giving you a large margin of error. The ball will travel higher across the court and above the net, but the topspin that you generate will ensure the ball drops back down into the service box.
Players come in different shapes, sizes, and builds. Telegraphing may happen when the placement of your toss differs for your flat, slice and kick serve. The good news is that a well-executed toss for your flat and slice serve make it challenging for your opponent to detect because from across the court, there should be little if any noticeable change in the toss. Remember, your slice serve toss should be virtually identical to your flat serve.
Players sometimes get themselves into trouble when they exaggerate their slice serve toss further right to get more spin. The change in toss gives your opponent a hint at the type of serve that you intend to hit, such as a slice serve out wide, so they can begin moving in that direction before you even strike the ball. For many players, the kick serve is their default second serve. Being able to disguise your serve is something that players tend to benefit more from at higher levels of competition, where every small advantage can make a huge difference.
Before you begin your service motion, make sure to relax your body as well as your tossing arm. Tension, squeezing, or flexing your tossing arm will increase the likelihood of a wild toss, and that pressure will also make it more challenging to execute a fluid service motion. When you release the ball, it can be helpful to consciously think about opening your hand because it forces you to release all of your fingers simultaneously.
This simultaneous release helps decrease the likelihood that you end up with the ball rolling off your fingertips, which is a frequent cause of inaccurate tosses. When you release the tennis ball from your hand, make sure you keep moving your tossing arm upward. Also, keep your arm up high as long as possible because this will prevent your shoulder from dropping prematurely, which is frequently a problem for players. The shoulder drop tends to be more of a problem for players late in a match when fatigue begins to set in, so make sure you keep your arm up until the moment you start to swing at the tennis ball.
Similar to keeping your tossing arm up, make sure to keep your head up during your service motion. Just as important, when you drop your head, your body tends to follow, so make sure to keep your head up towards the sky along with your tossing arm. Changing your mind last minute can sometimes happen when players see their opponent moving around or moving forward out of the corner of their eye as they begin their service motion. Remember, accurate toss placement is part of where the accuracy of your serve comes from, so be sure to pick the type of serve you plan to hit before you start into your motion.
This tip is particularly useful when playing outside where you toss is subject to the wind and position of the sun. Helpful Tip: Technically, you only have 20 seconds from the time one point ends to the time the next point should begin.
As with any part of your game, practice makes perfect. When players are first learning how to toss the ball for their serve, it can take quite a bit of time to develop consistency and accuracy.
This drill is excellent for beginners and will help you develop a more consistent and accurate toss. Step 1: Fill your basket The first step is to grab your basket or ball hopper and fill it about halfway up or less with tennis balls. If the basket is full or empty, the ball is likely to bounce right out, so filling it halfway up will ensure the ball stays in place. Step 2: Place your basket Next, grab your basket and position yourself along the baseline near the center mark, set your serve stance, and put your basket roughly inches in front of your left foot and then inches to the right.
You can also use a small container or bucket — you just want to have a reasonably sized target for where your toss should land. Again, set your serve stance so that the basket is still roughly inches to your right. Be sure to use your full toss motion and technique we covered earlier in this article.
You can change this drill up in a few different ways. First, you can do it standing still in front of the basket, or you can add in the full trophy pose.
As you learned earlier in this article, the ideal toss height is roughly feet above the maximum reach of your tennis racquet. This drill will provide you with an easy way to practice developing a more consistent toss height on any tennis court surrounded by a fence.
To do this, stand next to the fence with your racquet in hand. Reach your racquet up and touch it against the fence at your maximum reach. Next, have your friend grab the step ladder and place it next to you so they can climb and stick two balls in the fence — one at roughly 2 feet above your maximum reach and another about 3 feet. With your racquet in hand and a spare tennis ball, position yourself in your serve stance with the front of your left foot about feet from the fence.
Let each toss fall back to the ground, reset your feet in the correct serve stance, and toss once again. One of the challenges that players face when tossing the ball is not fully extending their tossing arm up into the air and dropping their arm and head prematurely. The goal of this drill is to help players practice their tossing motion to make sure they keep their arm high and head up. Step 1: Position yourself and set your stance With your racquet in hand and a spare tennis ball, position yourself along the baseline near the center mark and assume your serve stance.
When you reach full extension, pause for a moment with your arm held high, your head up, and your body in your trophy pose. Repeat this motion times, focusing intently on keeping your tossing arm extended with your head held high.
When it comes to the serve toss, there are a few rules to keep in mind. First, when you toss the ball, you must release it by hand unless you are only able to use one arm, i. If you are limited to one arm, then you can use your racquet to toss the ball.
Most people would never break this rule, but it is indeed a rule. Outside of that, perhaps the most common question that comes up with regards to toss rules is how many times you can toss the ball before hitting your serve. I think the most important note here is sportsmanship and respect for your opponent. Do your best to limit your tosses, but at the same time use the fact that you can retoss to your advantage.
If your opponent appears to be repeating their tosses on purpose or to gain an advantage, i.