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    How to footnote a song

    how to footnote a song

    The MLA Style Center

    Oct 09,  · How you cite a song depends on how you accessed it. If you listened to the song on physical media like a vinyl album or CD, follow the MLA format template. List the performer or band as the author and then the title of the song. List the name of the album as the title of the container and then provide the publication details for the album. Dec 04,  · Cite the song using Chicago Style as a footnote. Include the superscript numeral in the text before hyphens and at the end of a sentence, clause or quotation. Use the normal size number in the footnote followed by a period. Assuming the details in Section 1, the footnote is as follows: 1.

    When writing a book, research paper, document or other material, the lyrics to a song may be used to contribute to a particular viewpoint, claim or other purpose as expressed by the writer. Like other published material, you must cite song lyrics properly according to the documentation convention used in the work.

    Gather all available information on the song -- the artist, song title, album title, recording date, writer, label and other relevant information. Verify all details and lyrics are accurate. Validate that the artists, dates and recording information match between the footnotes or in-text references and the Works Cited, reference or bibliography at the end of your document.

    Cite the parenthetical reference using MLA style by include the artist's last name and the copyright year in parentheses immediately after the lyrics being referenced. Assume we need to reference the lyrics to the song "Writing is My World" by Thomas What is roll out plan from the album "Reflections.

    You retrieved the song lyrics on March 1, from the artist's website, ThomasLyrics. Using this example, the parenthetical reference will be as follows: Lyrics Include the elements in the following order: artist, song title in quotation marksrecording date, album title italicizedrecording label, year of issue, the website from which the lyrics were taken italicizedthe medium, in this case "web" and lastly the date of access. Using our example, the entry in the Works Cited list will be as follows: Lyrics, Thomas.

    Reflections italicized. Meditation Records, Thomas Lyrics italicized. Cite the parenthetical reference for the lyrics using APA style. Include the song title in quotation marks and in parentheses state the writer's last name, the copyright year and the track number if this is available. Using our example from Step 2 in the previous section, the in-text reference will be "Writing is My World" Lyrics, Include the writer's name, copyright year, song title, album title italicized and the website in the reference when using APA Style.

    Using our example, the entry will appear in the reference list as follows: Lyrics, T. Writing is My World. Cite the song using Chicago Style as a footnote. Include the superscript numeral in the text before hyphens how to footnote a song at the end of a sentence, clause or quotation. Use the normal size number in the footnote followed by a period. Assuming the details in Section 1, the footnote is as follows: 1. Include the song in the bibliographic reference for Chicago Style using the same detail that was included in the footnote.

    Begin with the artist's last name and include the publishing details without using parenthesis as was done in the footnote. Use periods to separate the elements. Using our example, cite the entry in the bibliography as what is the best infielders baseball glove Lyrics, Thomas. Writing is My World italicized. New York: Meditation Records, Keela Helstrom began writing in She is a Certified Public Accountant with over 10 years of accounting and finance experience.

    Though working as a consultant, most of her career has been spent in corporate finance. How to Cite a Textbook Reference. How to Cite a Documentary in Chicago Style. Keela Helstrom Updated March 23, Home » How to Cite. There are several ways to cite resource material even within a particular style. If lacking certain elements, cite the information that is available applying the same formatting.

    How do I cite a song?

    Footnotes or endnotes are used to provide additional information that supplements the main text. (Footnotes appear at the bottom of the page, while endnotes appear at the end of the text or document.) Music history and theory (which follow the Chicago Manual of Style) normally use footnotes . Mar 23,  · Cite the song using Chicago Style as a footnote. Include the superscript numeral in the text before hyphens and at the end of a sentence, clause or quotation. Use the normal size number in the footnote followed by a period. Assuming the details in Section 1, the footnote is as follows: 1. Oct 11,  · If you cite song lyrics from a CD you listened to, you might simply refer to the song in your essay: “You say you got a real solution,” the Beatles sing in “Revolution 1.” You can then provide a works-cited-list entry for the album that contains the funslovestory.comted Reading Time: 50 secs.

    Footnotes or endnotes are used to provide additional information that supplements the main text. Footnotes appear at the bottom of the page, while endnotes appear at the end of the text or document. Music history and theory which follow the Chicago Manual of Style normally use footnotes in research papers. Here are some examples of footnote citations as they are normally used in the fields of music history and theory for other examples of references see the Chicago Manual of Style :. New York: W.

    Norton, , pp. Many aspects of Chicago citation style are fairly standard, especially for research papers. However graduate students in particular should be aware that others may vary.

    Also, Author, Date citation style is used either integrated in the text or as footnotes in some journals, such as Music Theory Spectrum for more about Author, Date citation style, see APA, below.

    If you are submitting an article to a journal you should also look at sample articles in recently published issues to see what citation method is currently being used by the journal. When in doubt consult the Chicago Manual of Style which has an excellent index , which will explain the options available there may be more than one ; also, ask your instructor for an in-class assignment, or consult sample articles in the journal that you are submitting to.

    The Music Librarian is also very willing to offer helpful information. In the field of Music Education most journals use APA format, in which there are no footnotes except as additional information. Citations are in the Author, Date format, integrated into the text. Here is an example: Helping students to develop as composers is a task that benefits from research that identifies the structures that assist that process.

    Structure issues are of concern to teachers who nurture young creators. Too much task structure can inhibit creativity and personal expression Wiggins, However, too little task structure can cause students difficulty because of too many choices Folkestad, ; Regelski, , In Author, Date citation style, the references are listed at the end of the paper.

    The research process Types of sources Critical reading and analysis Databases and online resources Citation Creating a bibliography. Understanding the assignment Brainstorming Writing thesis statements Outlining Writing an introduction Writing a conclusion Footnotes and citations Drafts, editing, and revision.

    Essays that analyze music Writing conventions in music Doing oral presentations Terminology in music Style and style manuals. Using the Music Library Types of sources Referencing Quoting, paraphrasing, and summarizing How to paraphrase Citation styles Understanding and avoiding plagiarism.

    Working with the assignment Getting started Working with drafts Revising and editing Plagiarism Common errors in student writing. Helping students to develop as composers is a task that benefits from research that identifies the structures that assist that process. Regelski, T. Teaching general music in grades A musicianship approach. New York: Oxford University Press. Wiggins, J. Creative process as meaningful music thinking. Willingham Eds. Creativity and music education pp. Folkestad, G.

    A meta-analytic approach to qualitative studies in music education: A new model applied to creativity and composition. Kennedy, M. Listening to the music: Compositional processes of high school composers. Journal of Research in Music Education, 50 2 , The research process Types of sources Critical reading and analysis Databases and online resources Citation Creating a bibliography The writing process Understanding the assignment Brainstorming Writing thesis statements Outlining Writing an introduction Writing a conclusion Footnotes and citations Drafts, editing, and revision Writing about music Essays that analyze music Writing conventions in music Doing oral presentations Terminology in music Style and style manuals Working with sources Using the Music Library Types of sources Referencing Quoting, paraphrasing, and summarizing How to paraphrase Citation styles Understanding and avoiding plagiarism Multilingual students Working with the assignment Getting started Working with drafts Revising and editing Plagiarism Common errors in student writing Where to go for help.

    Footnotes and Citations Footnotes or endnotes are used to provide additional information that supplements the main text.

    Here is a book reference: Regelski, T. Here is a reference to a chapter in a book: Wiggins, J. Here are two journal article citations: Folkestad, G. Source: E. Eugene Helm and Albert T. This is one of a number of books concerning writing in music that are available in the Music Library, and listed on the Music Library Website.

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