How to build a concrete swimming pool step by step
Dec 05, · I built this pool with concrete block in our backyard. Hope it gives other people some ideas for their own project. Liner and coping were purchased from www. Build an in Ground Swimming Pool Step 1: Demo. You've pulled your permits right? Once you pick you location where you want to install you pool, Step 2: Dig and Rebar. If you are so inclined you can now rent an excavator and start digging. The digging part is easy, Step 3: Gunite. I don't.
The concrete structure of a pool must contain all the water. It must also withstand without breaking the large pressure loads there are. These charges are caused by the thrust made by the weight of the earth on the outside and the importance of the water on the inside. Every time we empty the pool.
We are removing part of that push and depending on our structure, serious problems may or may not be caused. In this article, we will present how to build a concrete swimming pool.
Once you know some advantages of building a concrete pool, it is time to show you how to make a concrete pool, but not before telling you it is essential to apply for the corresponding municipal building licenses. To do this, you must go to your town hall to inform you of all the requirements that you must meet to build a swimming pool in your home.
This step is significant, and many people make it visible, which makes later there are legal problems that are easily avoided by carrying out the procedures according to the regulations of your locality. Before starting with the construction of the pool itself, it is essential that you design it. It takes into account the shape you would like it to have, its size, depth, color and also the filtration system that you want it to count. At the same time that you design your what is the treatment of pimples swimming pool, you should consider which place is the most suitable for its placement, having to a value that there is a flat terrain with enough space.
It is far from the trees to avoid that it is filled with leaves and that it has how to make a scrap fabric tutu skirt good orientation to the sun. Once you are clear about the place where you are going to how to build a cement pool the pool and have it designed, it is time to begin to give shape to the place where it will be built, for which you must start digging the ground. To know how to build a con crete pool it is advisable to mark the perimeter of the pool using wooden stakes and to use a string of thread also to cast plaster on the line so you can see the area where it will be located the pool.
Once this is done, it will be time to remove all the earth using a backhoe, but not before making sure that where you will dig there is no type of drainpipe, light or water. When you are doing the excavation, you should assess the depth you want to give your pool, taking into account that the floor of the pool will occupy some space.
It happens with the wall, so you must take it into account when digging for getting a pool with the desired dimensions. The next step to carry out the excavation is to proceed to flatten the land so it is uniform, being very important since it will be the bottom of the pool.
In the same way, it will be necessary to fill and compact the soil if the land where the pool is to be located is not firm. You can make compaction of the natural soil or use a gravel fill or some other type of aggregate of between 12 and 40 mm granulometry.
Once this is done, and with the compaction of the terrain, which can be done with a lance roller or similar. It is time to pour into the pool a small layer of cleaning concrete with a thickness of about 5 centimeters. The next step: What is an atv vehicle placement of rods in the form of a grid both on the floor and on the walls.
It is possible to make use of a mesh in the ground, making sure it is of a sufficient thickness more than 8 mm and a maximum hole of 20 x 20, being advisable to use enough iron so that the glass of the pool enjoys higher resistance. Then the angles for the walls must be placed. The wire must join which to the mesh of the bottom of the pool. There are two types of structures: concrete formwork and shotcrete concrete.
The formwork structure must be built in two parts, first the floor and then the walls. The gunite structure is constructed in one piece and without any joints.
It must be of quality and well prepared. It is important that all processes and materials are adequate for the best result. Ideally, it should be supplied by a company specialized in concrete.
We built pools with shotcrete of selected aggregates and H Thicker more years of life. Pools with cm thick structures have lasted between 10 and 20 years. Structures of cm thick come lasting between 20 and 30 years and cm thick they last between 35 and 45 years. From that time, they suffer small fissures that eventually become cracks. Up to sizes of 5m x 10m we use thicknesses of 25cm on the floor and 22cm on walls. It must reinforce the concrete of the structure.
We work in swimming pools up to sizes of 5m x 10m with a double electro-welded mesh of 8 mm over the entire surface, reinforcements with 10 mm bars at all corners and walls every 50 cm. With this, we get a very resistant skeleton. For larger pools. We must use other thicknesses and reinforcements. Both are optimal for the construction of swimming pools if they are done well from the first hour.
The gunite structure has more bodily union when done at once, which together holds the forces better. The formwork structure has two bodies, walls and floor. These can move separately if they suffer the force necessary for it, which can deform more easily.
A good thickness in the formwork avoids these problems. Loss of properties: The direct contact of the concrete with the external humidity makes it wet almost all its life. This causes of damage is hardness and bonding properties of the concrete.
After this process, the cracks and cracks caused by the thrusts of the ground and the weight of the water begin to appear when removing how to get browser on blackberry putting it on. The thicker structures endure more years than the beautiful fabrics without breaking for that very reason. To solve these problems, what we do is add a hydrophobic additive to the concrete of the structure so that it does not absorb moisture, give concrete a minimum thickness of 27cm in the floor and 22cm in the walls to last many years standing and reinforce all the interior corners of the glass with half-round canes.
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Do you need to remove the ads? Concrete is the most commonly used material when it comes to swimming pool construction. A concrete swimming pool is designed to take up full water load along with the capacity to withstand large pressure loads. The significant loads on the concrete pool structure are the weight of the earth outside the pool and the weight of water held within the pool. The thrust created varies when the water in the pool is emptied for cleaning purposes.
It may or may not cause an effect on the concrete based on the design efficiency. This article explains the step-by-step procedure to construct a concrete swimming pool, keeping into consideration the essential requirement of swimming pool construction. The standard recommendations vary from region to region, but generally, they follow the same principle and safety requirements. As mentioned before, the design of pool side walls is carried out based on the regulations of the region.
Once the design of the pool is fixed, the construction phase is started. The construction of a concrete swimming pool involves the following steps:. The design of the swimming pool is the first step for pool construction. Choose a design suitable for the given land or choose a land area to accommodate a design already planned.
The design of the swimming pool mainly involves the shape, depth, area of the pool, the filtration system, and overall size. The location selected for the pool must be ideal for facilitating regular maintenance. It is recommended to choose a flat terrain, which can help in large cost reduction for excavation and filling process. A land far away from trees helps to avoid pool filled with leaves. The orientation of the swimming pool is best when constructed facing the sun. Once the design and location to construct the swimming pool is fixed, the next procedure is to excavate the area to prepare for construction.
It is conducted by the following steps:. Construction of the pool base is one of the essential phases that influences the life of the swimming pool. The excavation is conducted so that the bottom face becomes flat and uniform. If the site has loose soil, then it must be filled and compacted with firm soil. Compaction can be performed by natural soil or by using gravels. Use aggregates of size between 12 to 40 mm to compact and prepare the base.
After adequate filling of compact materials, the base must be compacted with respect to the terrain. Do compaction using a roller or similar equipment based on the area of compaction. Once the pool base is compacted correctly, pour a small layer of cleaning concrete to the bottom.
The thickness of the concrete layer is generally 5 cm. Always provide the pool base with a pool gradient or slope for easy emptying of water to the filter system. The slope selected must be such that it does not affect the balance of the swimmers. A maximum gradient of 1 in 40 is recommended for a pool that is used by children and non-swimmers. Efficient emptying requires a grade of 1 in 80 As per British and Euro Codes.
Once the excavation of the pool walls and the preparation of the base is finished, the next step is to provide steel reinforcement for the pool wall and the bottom. Here, the shotcrete procedure is followed in which a single steel cage reinforcement is provided throughout the interior surface of the swimming pool. In guniting or shotcrete procedure, the concrete structure is constructed in one piece without any gap between the wall and the floor. Note: The concrete can be placed either through shotcreting or by concrete formworks.
While constructing using formworks, the walls and the floor base are made as two parts. A gap is left to allow the flow of water. After providing steel reinforcement, place the essential plumbing lines, drainage lines, etc. The provision for stairs on the sides are also as per the design.
A filter system and pump, together, are arranged on a large tank, either made of concrete, metal, etc. Before concreting, the plumb lines are provided to take water from the swimming pool to the filter system and back to the swimming pool.
The filter system and pump are also connected to the municipal water line to take fresh water to the pool. The arrangement is necessary to replace the water lost from the pool due to splash out or evaporation.
Perform the shotcreting or guniting of walls and floors by a concrete of standard mix. Use special tools to shape the surface as per the design. After finishing the concrete, it must be cured twice a day for 14 days. Generally, the thickness of the concrete base and walls of the pool determines the durability.
More the thickness, less is its exposure to fissures and cracks. Generally, the thickness of the bottom of the pool is provided greater than the walls. Among the construction methods Using formwork and shotcrete , the most optimal option is the construction by shotcreting.
This method develops a monolithic structure that holds the force better. In the formwork method, walls and floor have a gap which has chances to get separated. Providing more thickness to the formwork can help to avoid this problem.
The most popular ways to waterproof concrete pool are by using tiles, glass, ceramic, or use of epoxy-cement system or any waterproofing membrane. The selection of the waterproofing method is performed based on the water table level of the area and moisture conditions of the soils. The waterproofing of walls and floors is done to make it watertight. It can be made either by concrete, marble, tile, or stone. Always wait for two to three days after the construction of coping to fill the pool.
The concrete swimming pool structure can be constructed either by shotcrete or guniting or formwork methods. The shotcrete and guniting process constructs the walls and base of the pool as a single unit. The formwork method creates the wall and pool base as two units. The first method is more popular. It is highly recommended to choose a flat terrain, which can help in large cost reduction for excavation and filling process.
Read More: Basic Requirements for swimming pool construction. Among the construction methods Using formwork and Shotcrete , the most optimal option is the construction by shotcreting. In formwork method, walls and floor have a gap which has chances to get separated. The pool base is provided with a pool gradient or slope for easy emptying of water to the filter system. The grade selected must be such that it does not affect the balance of the swimmers.
For safety, a standard pool shell requires a minimum thickness of 6 inches, excluding the plaster. The thickness of the concrete base and walls of the pool determines the durability.
Generally, a thickness of the bottom of the pool is provided greater than the walls. Join Join TheConstructor to ask questions, answer questions, write articles, and connect with other people. Have an account? Log in Now. Join for free or log in to continue reading Remember Me! Don't have account, Join Here. Forgot Password Lost your password? Ask A Question.
How to Construct a Concrete Swimming Pool? Excavation for Swimming Pool Construction. Concreting in Swimming Pool Construction. Coping Installation for Swimming Pools.
How to construct a concrete swimming pool structure? How to choose the location for Swimming Pool? Why is shotcrete concreting preferred over the formwork method? How much slope should be provided to swimming pools? How thick must be a swimming pool? Previous article.