States – Ranked by Size & Population – ipl Stately Knowledge: Facts about the United States
Washington is 66, square miles. To put things in perspective, the entire United States is 3,, square miles. This means that percent of America is Washington. 51 rows · Rank: State Name: Square Miles: 1: Alaska: , 2: Texas: , 3: California: , 4.
The United States is the third largest country in the world based on land area. There are different estimates showing the total land area of the country, but all of them show the country as being more than 3. The Central Intelligence Agency's World Factbook says that the total land area of the United States is 3, square miles 9, sq km. The United States consists of 50 states and one district Washington, D.
Scroll through the list and see which states are the largest and which are the smallest. Share Flipboard Email. Amanda Briney. Geography Expert. Amanda Briney, M. Updated What is 180 cms in feet and inches 23, Cite this Article Format.
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The land area of the entire United States is 3,, square miles. Alaska is by far the biggest state - you could fit Rhode Island (the smallest state) into Alaska several hundred times, yet Rhode Island has a significantly larger population according to the U.S. Census Bureau's estimated population figures for , with Alaska at , Jan 23, · U.S. Dependent Areas, by Emergent Land Area (Above Water) Puerto Rico: 3, square miles (9, sq km); Virgin Islands: square miles (1, sq km); Guam: square miles ( sq km); Northern Mariana Islands: square miles ( sq km); American Samoa: square miles ( sq km); Baker Island: square miles ( sq km); emergent land square miles ( . Washington DC has a total area of square miles ( km2), of which square miles ( km2) is land and square miles (18 km2) (%) is water. The entire land area is one city and.
Washington, D. The city was named for George Washington , the first president of the United States and a Founding Father ,  and the federal district is named after Columbia , a female personification of the nation. As the seat of the U.
The U. Constitution provided for a federal district under the exclusive jurisdiction of U. Congress; the district is therefore not a part of any U. The signing of the Residence Act on July 16, , approved the creation of a capital district located along the Potomac River near the country's East Coast. The City of Washington was founded in to serve as the national capital.
In , the land, formerly part of Maryland and Virginia including the settlements of Georgetown and Alexandria , officially became recognized as the federal district. In , Congress returned the land originally ceded by Virginia , including the city of Alexandria; in , it created a single municipal government for the remaining portion of the district. The city is divided into quadrants centered on the Capitol Building , and there are as many as neighborhoods.
The estimated population of , as of July [update] ,  makes it the 20th-most populous city in the U. The three branches of the U. Washington is home to many national monuments and museums , primarily situated on or around the National Mall. A locally elected mayor and a member council have governed the district since Congress maintains supreme authority over the city and may overturn local laws.
District voters choose three presidential electors in accordance with the Twenty-third Amendment to the United States Constitution , ratified in Various tribes of the Algonquian -speaking Piscataway people also known as the Conoy inhabited the lands around the Potomac River when Europeans first visited the area in the early 17th century.
One group known as the Nacotchtank also called the Nacostines by Catholic missionaries maintained settlements around the Anacostia River within the present-day District of Columbia. Conflicts with European colonists and neighboring tribes forced the relocation of the Piscataway people, some of whom established a new settlement in near Point of Rocks, Maryland. In his Federalist No. Known as the Pennsylvania Mutiny of , the event emphasized the need for the national government not to rely on any state for its own security.
Article One, Section Eight , of the Constitution permits the establishment of a "District not exceeding ten miles square as may, by cession of particular states, and the acceptance of Congress, become the seat of the government of the United States". In what is now known as the Compromise of , Madison, Alexander Hamilton , and Thomas Jefferson came to an agreement that the federal government would pay each state's remaining Revolutionary War debts in exchange for establishing the new national capital in the Southern United States.
On July 9, , Congress passed the Residence Act , which approved the creation of a national capital on the Potomac River. The exact location was to be selected by President George Washington , who signed the bill into law on July Formed from land donated by the states of Maryland and Virginia, the initial shape of the federal district was a square measuring 10 miles 16 km on each side, totaling square miles km 2.
Two pre-existing settlements were included in the territory: the port of Georgetown, Maryland , founded in ,  and the city of Alexandria, Virginia , founded in A new federal city was then constructed on the north bank of the Potomac, to the east of Georgetown. On September 9, , the three commissioners overseeing the capital's construction named the city in honor of President Washington.
The same day, the federal district was named Columbia a feminine form of " Columbus " , which was a poetic name for the United States commonly in use at that time. Congress passed the District of Columbia Organic Act of which officially organized the district and placed the entire territory under the exclusive control of the federal government.
Further, the unincorporated area within the district was organized into two counties: the County of Washington to the east of the Potomac and the County of Alexandria to the west. On August 24—25, , in a raid known as the Burning of Washington , British forces invaded the capital during the War of The Capitol , Treasury , and White House were burned and gutted during the attack. In the s, the district's southern territory of Alexandria went into economic decline partly due to neglect by Congress.
Alexandria's citizens petitioned Virginia to take back the land it had donated to form the district, through a process known as retrocession.
The Virginia General Assembly voted in February to accept the return of Alexandria and on July 9, , Congress agreed to return all the territory that had been ceded by Virginia. Therefore, the district's area consists only of the portion originally donated by Maryland. The outbreak of the American Civil War in led to the expansion of the federal government and notable growth in the district's population, including a large influx of freed slaves.
Some members of Congress suggested moving the capital further west, but President Ulysses S. Grant refused to consider such a proposal. Congress passed the Organic Act of , which repealed the individual charters of the cities of Washington and Georgetown, and created a new territorial government for the whole District of Columbia.
Shepherd authorized large-scale projects that greatly modernized the City of Washington, but ultimately bankrupted the district government. In , Congress replaced the territorial government with an appointed three-member Board of Commissioners.
The city's first motorized streetcars began service in and generated growth in areas of the district beyond the City of Washington's original boundaries. Washington's urban plan was expanded throughout the district in the following decades. The district was the first city in the nation to undergo urban renewal projects as part of the " City Beautiful movement " in the early s. Increased federal spending as a result of the New Deal in the s led to the construction of new government buildings, memorials, and museums in the district,  though the chairman of the House Subcommittee on District Appropriations Ross A.
Collins from Mississippi justified cuts to funds for welfare and education for local residents, saying that "my constituents wouldn't stand for spending money on niggers. World War II further increased government activity, adding to the number of federal employees in the capital;  by , the district's population reached its peak of , residents.
The Twenty-third Amendment to the United States Constitution was ratified in , granting the district three votes in the Electoral College for the election of president and vice president, but still no voting representation in Congress. After the assassination of civil rights leader Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. The riots raged for three days until more than 13, federal troops and D.
Army National Guardsmen stopped the violence. Many stores and other buildings were burned; rebuilding was not completed until the late s. In , Congress enacted the District of Columbia Home Rule Act , providing for an elected mayor and thirteen-member council for the district. East Coast. Due to the District of Columbia retrocession , the city has a total area of The south bank of the Potomac River forms the district's border with Virginia and has two major tributaries: the Anacostia River and Rock Creek.
The highest natural elevation in the district is feet m above sea level at Fort Reno Park in upper northwest Washington. The district has 7, acres The National Park Service manages most of the 9, acres Established in , it is the country's fourth-oldest national park and is home to a variety of plant and animal species, including raccoon, deer, owls, and coyotes. Department of Parks and Recreation maintains the city's acres 3. Department of Agriculture operates the acre 1.
National Arboretum in Northeast Washington. The district is in plant hardiness zone 8a near downtown, and zone 7b elsewhere in the city, indicating a humid subtropical climate.
Spring and fall are mild to warm, while winter is cool with annual snowfall averaging Summers are hot and humid with a July daily average of Blizzards affect Washington, on average, once every four to six years. The most violent storms are called " nor'easters ", which often affect large sections of the East Coast.
Hurricanes or their remnants occasionally track through the area in late summer and early fall but are often weak by the time they reach Washington, partly due to the city's inland location. Precipitation occurs throughout the year. Washington's climate will grow warmer and rainfall will increase as the result of climate change. He enlisted Scottish surveyor Alexander Ralston to help lay out the city plan.
Andrew Ellicott , who had worked with L'Enfant surveying the city, was then tasked with completing the design. Though Ellicott made revisions to the original plans—including changes to some street patterns—L'Enfant is still credited with the overall design of the city. By the early 20th century, L'Enfant's vision of a grand national capital had become marred by slums and randomly placed buildings, including a railroad station on the National Mall.
Congress formed a special committee charged with beautifying Washington's ceremonial core. The plan is thought to have largely preserved L'Enfant's intended design. By law, Washington's skyline is low and sprawling. The federal Height of Buildings Act of allows buildings that are no taller than the width of the adjacent street, plus 20 feet 6. City leaders have criticized the height restriction as a primary reason why the district has limited affordable housing and traffic problems caused by suburban sprawl.
The axes bounding the quadrants radiate from the U. Capitol building. Most streets are set out in a grid pattern with east—west streets named with letters e. Washington hosts foreign embassies , constituting approximately buildings beyond the more than 1, residential properties owned by foreign countries, many of which are on a section of Massachusetts Avenue informally known as Embassy Row.
The architecture of Washington varies greatly. The neoclassical, Georgian, gothic, and modern architectural styles are all reflected among those six structures and many other prominent edifices in Washington.
Outside downtown Washington, architectural styles are even more varied. Rowhouses are especially prominent in areas developed after the Civil War and typically follow Federalist and late Victorian designs. Census Bureau estimates that the district's population was , as of July , an increase of more than , people since the United States Census. The Washington Metropolitan Area , which includes the district and surrounding suburbs, is the sixth-largest metropolitan area in the United States with an estimated six million residents in According to Census Bureau data, the population of Washington, D.
Individuals from two or more races made up 2. Hispanics of any race made up Washington has had a significant African American population since the city's foundation.